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About 15,950 children and adolescents under 20 years of age are diagnosed with cancer each year in the United States.1 Around 490 of those children and adolescents are from Michigan.2 Research improvements in health care have led to major decreases in U.S. childhood cancer death rates in the last few decades. Since 1985, the childhood cancer death rate in Michigan has decreased by over 60%.3
Leukemias – cancers of the blood and bone marrow – are the most common types of childhood cancers. The most common types of leukemia diagnosed in children are Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) and Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). The second most common types of childhood cancers are brain and spinal cord tumors.4
Childhood cancer data are available on the MiTracking Data Portal for:
- Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
- Acute Myeloid Leukemia
- Brain and Central Nervous System Cancer
Finding the cause of childhood cancers is difficult. Adult cancer is likely due to lifestyle factors, but can also be due to genetics, carcinogens, and other environmental factors. Childhood cancer is more likely due to DNA changes early in life, sometimes even before birth. The reason for these changes is not known.5
For more information, visit American Cancer Society - Risk Factors and Causes of Childhood Cancer.
Research into childhood cancers continues to work toward finding their causes and the best treatment choices. Little is known about what can be done to keep childhood cancers from happening, making it difficult to give recommendations about preventing them. It is extremely unlikely that there is anything that can be done to keep children from getting cancer.6 Only about 5 percent of cancers in children are caused by a genetic mutation passed from parents to their children. Also, very few environmental factors have been linked with these cancers since it is difficult to figure out what children have come in contact with during their early development.7
For more information, visit American Cancer Society - Can Childhood Cancers Be Prevented?
Common Symptoms include8 :
- An unusual lump.
- Unusual swelling.
- Unexplained paleness and loss of energy.
- Easy bruising.
- Ongoing pain in one area of the body.
- Unexplained fever or illness that doesn’t go away.
- Frequent headaches, often with vomiting.
- Sudden eye or vision changes.
- Sudden unexplained weight loss.
It is more likely that these symptoms are from something other than cancer such as injury or infection. Other symptoms are possible depending on the type of cancer. If your child has any of these symptoms, let your doctor know.
For more information, please visit American Cancer Society - Finding Cancer in Children.
Treating cancer will depend on the type and stage of cancer. 7
Common treatments are:
- Radiation therapy.
- Stem Cell Transplant.
For more information, visit National Cancer Institute - Childhood Cancers.
Data - MiTracking
MiTracking Childhood Cancer Indicators
- Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Incidence
- Acute Myeloid Leukemia Incidence
- Brain and Central Nervous System Cancer Incidence
- Leukemia Incidence
MiTracking Childhood Cancer Data Can Tell Us
- Cancer rates in Michigan for children under 20 years of age by type of cancer, year, gender, and race.
- If childhood cancer rates are going up or down over time.
- If part of the population is at higher risk of childhood cancer.
MiTracking Childhood Cancer Data Cannot Tell Us
- What causes childhood cancer.
- The total burden of childhood cancer in a population.
Find Out More
Data from the Michigan Cancer Surveillance Program (MCSP) were used to create this dataset through the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS), Division of Vital Records and Health Statistics (DVRHS). For additional information, visit the Michigan Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics.
For more data information, visit:
- About These Data (found on the data portal after a query search).
- Metadata (Technical information about the content, quality, and context of the data).
American Cancer Society
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Environmental Public Health Tracking Program (CDC Tracking Program)
Michigan Cancer Consortium (MCC)
Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS)
National Cancer Institute
Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer
Cancer in Children and Adolescents
Contact Georgia Spivak at firstname.lastname@example.org for potential cancer clusters or dataset information.
- American Cancer Society. Risk of dying from cancer continues to drop at an accelerated page. https://www.cancer.org/latest-news/facts-and-figures-2022.html#:~:text=Cancer%20in%20children%20and%20adolescents&text=In%202022%2C%20it%20is%20estimated,will%20die%20from%20the%20disease. Accessed October 7, 2022.
- Michigan Department of Health and Human Services. Michigan Cancer Incidence data. Lansing: Vital Records and Health Statistics; 2020.
- Michigan Department of Health and Human Services. Michigan Cancer Death data. Lansing: Vital Records and Health Statistics; 2020.
- American Cancer Society. Types of cancer that develop in children. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-in-children/types-of-childhood-cancers.html. Accessed October 7, 2022.
- American Cancer Society. Risk factors and causes of childhood cancer. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-in-children/risk-factors-and-causes.html. Accessed October 7, 2022.
- American Cancer Society. Can childhood cancers be prevented. http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancerinchildren/detailedguide/cancer-in-children-preventing-childhood-cancers. Accessed October 7, 2022.
- National Institute of Health. Childhood cancers. http://www.cancer.gov/types/childhood-cancers. Accessed October 7, 2022.
- American Cancer Society. Finding cancer in children. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-in-children/finding-childhood-cancers-early.html. Accessed October 7, 2022.