Environmental Impact Statement Process

Federal law requires an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) when a federally funded project has the potential to significantly affect the natural or human environment. The types of effects considered include:

  • community impacts
  • relocations
  • visual impacts
  • changes to the local traffic network.

 (You will find a comprehensive list of effects considered in a typical EIS in the table at the end of this page.)

The EIS provides a detailed discussion of these effects. It informs decision makers and the public of reasonable alternatives that would minimize adverse effects or enhance quality of life.

Steps for this EIS  

  • MDOT began the EIS process for the Blue Water Bridge Plaza Reconstruction in January 2005.
  • A draft EIS is expected to be released for public review in summer 2007.
  • Following the release of the Draft EIS, MDOT will hold a formal public hearing.
  • After the public hearing, MDOT and Federal Highways Administration will prepare a Final EIS.
  • The study will conclude with a Record of Decision, which will formally select one of several alternatives for design and construction.

Effects studied in a typical EIS

The table below shows types of effects considered in a typical EIS.  Not all are applicable to the Blue Water Bridge Plaza study.


Types of effects considered in a typical EIS

  Aesthetic and Visual Impacts
Air Quality
Coastal Zone
Coastal Barriers/Critical Dunes
Community and Neighborhood Impacts
Construction Impacts
Cultural Resources and Historic properties
Environmental Justice
Groundwater, Drainage, and Surface Water Quality
Indirect and Cumulative Impacts
Land Use and Zoning
Maintenance and Enhancement of Long-Term Productivity
Noise Impacts
Permanent and Lasting Commitments of Resources
Plants, Wildlife, and Threatened and Endangered Species 
Potential Contaminated Sites
Public Safety and Security
Relationship between Local Short-Term Uses of the Human Environment