US-131 Draft Environment Impact Statement and Section 4(f) Evaluation

NOTE:  The public comment period for this document has been extended to May 13, 2005.  All comments must be postmarked, Faxed or E-mailed by this date to be included in the public hearing transcript.


This Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) and Section 4(f) Evaluation discusses and compares alternatives for improving 17 miles of US 131 from the Indiana Toll Road in Elkhart County, Indiana, to about one mile north of Cowling Road in Three Rivers, Michigan.

To facilitate electronic file management, we have organized this electronic copy of the DEIS so that you can download it by chapter (section). Exhibits are listed separately within each section. If you find that the files are too big or too slow to download, please see the list of public viewing locations in the Public Hearing Brochure to review a hard copy of the document.

The key electronic sections of the DEIS are as follows:

Cover Page

Statement of Authorization

Approval Page


Table of Contents

Executive Summary
Summarizes the sections of the document. It describes the study area and history of the study.

Section 1.0 Purpose and Need for a Proposed Action
Describes the purpose of and need for an improvement on US-131 within the study area.
Fig. 1.1
Fig. 1.2
Fig. 1.3

Section 2.0 Alternatives Considered
Describes the multi step process that led to the development of the Practical Alternatives under consideration in this DEIS.
Fig. 2.1 Prior Corridor Location Effort
Fig. 2.2
Fig. 2.3-1
Fig. 2.3-2
Fig. 2.4
Fig. 2.5
Fig. 2.6

Section 3.0 Affected Environment
Presents a summary of the existing social, cultural, economic, and natural environment of the US 131 study area.
Fig. 3.2 Existing Land Cover
Fig. 3.3 Community Facilities
Fig. 3.4 Existing Agricultural Resource
Fig. 3.7 Cultural Resource Locations

Section 4.0 Environmental Consequences
Analyzes the potential impacts of the Practical Alternatives on the study area environment in detail.
Green Sheet
Fig. 4.1
Fig. 4.2
Fig. 4.3
Fig. 4.4
Fig. 4.5
Fig. 4.6
Fig. 4.7
Fig. 4.9
Fig. 4.10-1
Fig. 4.10-2
Fig. 4.10-3
Fig. 4.10-4

Section 5.0 Draft Section 4(f) Evaluation
Evaluates potential adverse impacts of the US 131 improvements on sites that are regulated by Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act of 1966. Section 4(f) sites include public parks, recreation lands, wildlife and waterfowl refuges, and historic sites.

Section 6.0 Public and Agency Coordination
Provides a summary of the public involvement activities and coordination with government agencies, local jurisdictions and the public as part of this study.

Section 7.0 Preparers and Reviewers

Section 8.0 Index

Section 9.0 Distribution of Draft Environmental Impact Statement and Section 4(f) Evaluation

Section 10.0 Glossary of Terms

Appendix A Summary of Technical Reports
A.1 Traffic
A.2 Literature Review
A.3 Survey
A.4 Air Quality
A.5 Noise
A.6 Wet Tech
A.7 Potential Wetland Mitigation Sites
-Final Mitigation Guidance
A.8 Threatened and Endangered Species
A.9 Project Contamination
A.10 Cultural Resources
Fig. A.1
Fig. A.2
Fig. A.3
Fig. A.4

Appendix B Farmland Conversion Impact Rating Form

Appendix C Conceptual State - Relocation Plan

Appendix D Public and Agency Coordination Documents
Table of Contents
Appendix D.1 Letters from Government Agencies
Appendix D.2 List of Invitees to Scoping Meetings
Appendix D.3 Notice of Intent and Federal Register Publication
Appendix D.4 List of Stakeholders Advisory Committee Meetings
Appendix D.5 Summary of Comments Received at Public Meetings
Appendix D.6 List of Churches Contacted

Appendix E Practical Alternatives