PFAS Sampling Guidance

PFAS sampling is different from other types of sampling because PFAS are present in many things we use in our everyday life, such as water-resistant and stain-resistant products. PFAS can also be present in:

  • Personal care products such as cosmetics and lotions.
  • Insect repellants and sunscreens.
  • Pizza boxes and fast food wrappers.
  • Recycled paper products such as paper towels and notebook paper .
  • Sampling equipment--in the material of the equipment itself or due to PFAS being used in the manufacturing process.
  • Ordinary latex gloves.  (Because PFAS is in latex gloves, samplers  must use powderless nitrile gloves.)

Since PFAS are analyzed in such small quantities--parts per trillion--even the smallest cross-contamination could contribute to a false positive sample.   To learn more about which products contain PFAS and which do not, review the General PFAS Sampling Guidance document, below.   Then use the media-specific guidance document for the specific type of sampling you are interested in.

For Homeowners

Sampling and lab information for residents wanting to test their private residential well

Residential Well Sampling Guidance for Homeowners  
Sampling and Lab Information for Residents
Wanting to Test Their Private Residential Well

August 2019
Residential Well PFAS Sampling Guidance
for Homeowners

October 2018


Technical Guidance - by Media

General PFAS Sampling Guidance PFAS Sampling Quick Reference Field Guide Residential Well PFAS Sampling Guidance Groundwater PFAS Sampling Guidance Soil PFAS Sampling Guidance
General PFAS
Sampling Guidance
Oct 2018
Quick Reference
Field Guide
Oct 2018
Residential Well
Oct 2018
Oct 2018
Nov 2018
Wastewater PFAS Sampling Guidance Surface Water PFAS Sampling Guidance Fish Tissue PFAS Sampling Guidance Sediment PFAS Sampling Guidance + Quick Reference Guide Surface Water Foam PFAS Sampling Guidance + Quick Reference Field Guide
Oct 2018
Surface Water
Nov 2018
Fish Tissue
Jan 2019
June 2019
Surface Water

Aug 2019


EGLE PFAS Minimum Laboratory Analyte List

EGLE Minimum Laboratory Analyte List for PFAS previewEGLE has a minimum laboratory PFAS analyte list for analysis of deer, drinking water, groundwater, surface water, soil, wastewater effluent, and landfill leachate samples collected by Michigan’s Departments of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy, Health and Human Services, Agriculture and Rural Development, and Natural Resources. 

This minimum analyte list was developed based on the potential for these chemicals to be found in Michigan, the availability of the chemical standards used for testing, and the ability of available laboratories to test for these PFAS.  This list includes PFAS that can be tested for in drinking water using United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Methods 537 Rev.1.1 or 537.1, which are the only methods that should be used when analyzing drinking water samples. Other testing methodology may be used to test for PFAS in other media (not drinking water).  This list is not exhaustive of PFAS in Michigan’s environment. 

Revised Oct. 1, 2019