Section 31a At-Risk

Program Description:  Section 31a of the State School Aid Act provides funding to eligible Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) and Public School Academies (PSAs) for the intent and purposes focused on the following student outcomes:  attending school regularly, reading proficiently by the end of 3rd grade, being proficient in mathematics by the end of 8th grade, and being career and college ready by high school graduation [Section 31a(1)].  An "At-Risk Pupil" is a pupil, for whom the LEA has documentation, that meets any of the following criteria listed in Section 31a(21):

  • Economically disadvantaged
  • English learner
  • Chronically absent as defined and reported to the Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI)
  • Victim of child abuse or neglect
  • Pregnant teenager or teenage parent
  • Family history of school failure, incarceration, or substance abuse
  • Immigrant who has immigrated within the immediately preceding 3 years
  • Did not complete high school in four years and is still in school
  • Did not achieve proficiency on the English Language Arts (ELA), mathematics, science, or social studies State summative assessments
  • At risk of not meeting the LEA's core academic curricular objectives in ELA or mathematics based on local assessments

Funds allocated through Section 31a At-Risk are limited to instructional services and direct non-instructional services to pupils.  They are intended to be spent in the current State fiscal year and may not be used for administration or other related costs.  LEAs may carry over funds for one year.  Legislative and technical assistance documents are available below.

Resource Materials

  • Legislation  (link to Enrolled Senate Bill No. 133)
  • Please visit the Google Drive for the following Section 31 documents:
    • State Aid Calculations by Month
    • Section 31a PowerPoint Presentations
    • Pupil Identification Worksheet (maintain one per grade for auditing purposes)
    • Frequently Asked Questions
    • Monitoring Indicators and Program Review Companion Document

Allocation Information

Section 31a Estimated Allocations can be found on MDE's State Aid Payment Information webpage.  Please refer to the following contacts for specific allocation-related questions:

  • Calculation - Office of State Aid and School Finance: 517-241-2208
  • Pupil Eligibility Count - Office of Educational Supports (OES), Financial Unit: 517-241-5388

School Breakfast - Updated Guidance

Per Section 31a(6), LEAs operating a school breakfast program are to use up to $10/student for the costs associated with the operation of this program.  This is not an optional expenditure of Section 31a funds.  Please refer to the Frequently Asked Questions for further guidance.

Program Reporting

The 2017-18 Section 31a Program Report (due July 15, 2018) is being revised to align with updated legislation.  It will be submitted through the Michigan Electronic Grants System Plus (MEGS+).  Technical Assistance on completing the Program Report will be conducted and available in late Winter / early Spring.

Program Contacts

  • Michelle Williams - Interim Manager
    • Special Populations Unit, OES
  • Dawn Carmody - Section 31a and Title I, Part D - Neglected and Delinquent Consultant
  • Lisa Francisco - Section 31a, Early Literacy, and Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) Consultant
  • Stephanie Holmes-Webster - Section 31a, Early Literacy, and MTSS Consultant
  • Alex Schwarz - Accountability Specialist