Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Tips

Reminders for Drivers
Reminders for Pedestrians
Reminders for Bicyclists




  • Remember that Michigan law requires that you leave at least 3 feet of space between your vehicle and a bicyclist when passing. If this is impractical, pass at a safe distance and at a safe speed.
  • Look for bicyclists riding from behind on the road shoulder or in a bike lane before turning right at an intersection, into a driveway or pulling off the road. As appropriate, yield and allow them to pass before turning.
  • Stop fully before turning at driveways and intersections to make sure you do not cut off pedestrians or approaching bicyclists with right of way.
  • After passing, don't return to your lane until well clear of the bicycle or other vulnerable roadway users.
  • Always yield the right of way to pedestrians. This includes people walking, jogging, hiking, skateboarding, pushing strollers, etc.
  • Watch for pedestrians when entering a street from a driveway or alley, at stop signs, traffic signals, roundabouts, crosswalks and intersections.
  • Be aware that pedestrians may also cross in the middle of a block, even if there is a crosswalk nearby. Keep an eye out for pedestrians on both sides of the road.
  • Never attempt to pass another vehicle that has stopped for a pedestrian.
  • Pay close attention around parked cars, near school zones, play grounds and parks where children are likely to be present. Watch for surprising changes in direction, especially by children or cyclists avoiding road hazards.




  • Walk on the side of the road as far to the left as possible or on a paved shoulder AGAINST oncoming traffic where there are no sidewalks.
  • Cross the street at an intersection or designated crosswalk when possible and always stop, look left, right, and left again before crossing. Do not rely solely on pedestrian traffic signals.
  • Come to the edge of a parked vehicle, stop and look both ways if it's blocking the view of the street before entering the street. This is also recommended before crossing in front of a stopped vehicle at an intersection if there are additional lanes traveling in the same direction.
  • Try to make eye contact with drivers before crossing in front of them and do not assume that because you can see the driver, the driver can see you.
  • Watch for cars that are turning or backing up.
  • Be vigilant in parking lots, especially when accompanying small children.
  • Increase visibility at night by carrying a flashlight when walking and by wearing light-colored or reflective clothing that highlights body movements.




  • Always ride WITH other traffic.
  • Obey the rules of the road as any other vehicle operator, including all traffic signs, lane markings and signals, and use hand signals to indicate turns, slowing or stopping.
  • Wear bicycle helmets and reflective clothing.
  • Stay as far to the right as practical when riding in traffic lanes.
  • Not ride more than two abreast in a single lane, so long as it does not interfere with the normal flow of vehicular traffic.
  • Avoid entering the roadway without first stopping to look for vehicles.
  • Ride predictably and defensively, and do not ride while drunk or distracted.
  • Always yield to pedestrians;
  • Have a white front headlight and a red rear reflector if riding after dark or in low light conditions.