The Oaks Correctional Facility has four double-bunked general population housing units, each housing up to 192 prisoners. There are also three administrative segregation units, including detention. Other buildings include food services, health care, a programs building, maintenance, warehouse storage and space for administrative offices.
The Oaks offers academic programs that include Adult Basic Education and General Education Development. Prisoners who are not allowed to leave their cells for classes can have in-cell study. Other activities include group counseling, religious services and a legal and general library. Other programs include various clubs, intramural sports (indoor and outdoor), a voluntary cognitive restructuring effort called Strategies for Thinking Productively (STP), life-role competency programs, as well as various programs offered through the Corrections Learning Network®. The facility also has a videoconferencing system, allowing legal hearings, deportation hearings, Parole Board interviews and remote meetings via this communication system.
Routine health care, including dental care and x-rays, is provided on site. For prisoners with mental health problems, a psychologist is available. Serious and emergency health care needs are handled at Westshore Hospital in Manistee as well as the Duane L. Waters Health Care in Jackson.
Perimeter security is comprised of double fences, electronic detection systems including monitor cameras, razor-ribbon wire, gun towers and a 24-hour patrol vehicle with armed personnel.