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    Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Michigan

    picture of new mom and dad with child, next to health care professional





    What is Pertussis (Whooping Cough)? 
    Pertussis is a respiratory illness that is easily spread by coughing and sneezing. The disease starts like the common cold, with runny nose or congestion, sneezing, and mild cough or fever. After 1-2 weeks, severe coughing begins. Infants and children with the disease cough violently and rapidly, over and over, until the air is gone from their lungs and they're forced to inhale with a loud "whooping" sound. The coughing can last for weeks, even months. Adults and adolescents typically have a milder form of pertussis; however, they can still easily spread the infection to others, including infants and young children. Pertussis is most severe for babies; more than half of infants less than 1 year of age who get the disease must be hospitalized.

    Click here for Information for Health Care Personnel
    Click here for Information for Individuals and Families (including pregnant women)

    Why be Concerned? 
    Pertussis activity is on the rise in the United States and here in Michigan. The good news is that pertussis is preventable and the public can protect themselves and their families through vaccination. 

    In Michigan, there has been a worrisome steady increase in pertussis over the past decade, peaking in 2010 with over 1,500 cases reported. A provisional total of 847 pertussis cases were reported in Michigan in 2012. This represents a 21 percent increase over the 691 cases reported in 2011. 

    In 2012, the U.S. experienced a large increase in pertussis throughout the country. There was a provisional total of over 41,000 cases, the most reported since 1955. As in previous years, reported incidence was highest in infants. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) received reports of 18 pertussis-related deaths in 2012, with most occurring among infants under 3 months of age. In Michigan, one infant died of pertussis in 2012.

    How can Pertussis be Prevented? picture of family getting vaccinated 
    The best way to prevent pertussis is to get vaccinated.  Make sure infants and young children get their recommended five shots on time. Protection from the childhood vaccine fades over time. Adolescents and adults need to be revaccinated, even if they were completely vaccinated as children. This is especially important for families with new infants. To best protect the infant, pregnant women should be given Tdap during each pregnancy between 27 and 36 weeks gestation.


    Information for Health Care Personnel  

    Disease Information 
    Clinical Information on Pertussis 
    Pertussis Chapter - Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine Preventable Diseases (Pink Book) 
    Pertussis Chapter - MDCH Vaccine Preventable Disease Investigation Guidelines 
    Pertussis is Peaking: Take Action!
    Best Practices for Health Care Professionals on the Use of PCR Tests for Diagnosing Pertussis
    Specimen collection videos from CDC

    Letters from MDCH
    Letter to Emergency Departments on Tdap Vaccination
    Letter to Birthing Hospitals on Tdap Vaccination
    Letter to OB/GYNs on Tdap Vaccination
    Letter to Hospital CEOs on Tdap Vaccination
    Joint Letter on Pertussis Vaccination

    Vaccine Information 
    Immunization Schedules
    New!  ACIP Recommendations on Use of Tdap for Pregnant Women (Feb. 2013)
    MDCH Vaccine Resources for Health Care Professionals
    Tetanus Prophylaxis Guidelines
    Guidance for Vaccinating Children during the 2012 Pentacel® and Daptacel® Shortage
    Recommended Immunization Schedules for Children, Adolescents, and Adults
    Updated Tdap Recommendations - Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report  (Jan 2011) 
    Additional Tdap Vaccine Information
    VFC-ACIP Vaccine Resolution on Diphtheria, Tetanus, & Pertussis (Oct 2012)
    CDC Immunization & Pregnancy Chart for Providers
    Healthcare Personnel Vaccination Recommendations
    Health Care Personnel: It's Time for Your Tetanus Booster
    Tdap Vaccination Strategies for Adults and Adolescents, including Health Care Personnel - Joint Commission

    Quick Looks 
    Using DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pentacel®)
    Using DTaP/IPV (KINRIX™)
    Using Pediarix® (DTaP/IPV/Hep B)
    Using DTaP Vaccine
    Using Tdap Vaccine 

    Standing Orders 
    Standing orders for administering DTaP vaccine to children younger than 7 years
    Standing orders for administering Td/Tdap vaccine to adults
    Standing orders for administering Td/Tdap vaccine to children ages 7 years and older

    Vaccine Information Statements (VIS)
    Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis
    Foreign Language VIS

    Information for Individuals and Families  

    picture of dad holding childDisease Information 
    Pertussis Disease
    Hear What Pertussis Sounds Like
    What You Need to Know

    Vaccine Information 
    About Pertussis Vaccine

    Vaccine Information Statements (VIS)
    Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis
    Foreign Language VIS

    Educational Materials and Resources 
    Posters and Flyers
    Protect Babies from Whooping Cough Infographic
    Why get vaccinated against whooping cough? Francesca's story
    In the battle against whooping cough, she needs more than cute
    Got Flu and Tdap Vaccines? Posters for Health Care Personnel
    Cocooning Poster: Protect this baby from flu and whooping cough
    Pertussis and Pregnancy Detailed Flyer
    Pertussis and Pregnancy posters
    Pertussis and Flu Pregnancy posters
    CDC Vaccines and Pregnancy Flyer
    It Could be More Than Just a Cough!
    Protecting Your Baby from Pertussis
    Surround Your Baby With A Vaccinated Family - English
    Surround Your Baby With A Vaccinated Family - Spanish
    Parents: Protect Yourself and Your Children from Whooping Cough!
    Grandparents: Protect Yourself from Pertussis
    School & Child Care Settings: Protect Against Flu and Whooping Cough 
    Multimedia Resources from CDC

    Additional Resources
    Video of Adult with Whooping Cough (The New England Journal of Medicine)
    Pertussis Videos
    Unprotected People Reports - Pertussis
    Shot-by-Shot Story Gallery




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