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Healthcare-Associated Infection Surveillance & Prevention

Important Updates 

Welcome to the Surveillance for Healthcare-Associated & Resistant Pathogens (SHARP) Unit Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI) webpage! This website is designed to evolve with the needs of the user base as well as when new information becomes available for distribution. Please check it often. If there are any suggestions to improve the website, please feel free to contact us. Email us at or see the About the SHARP Unit page for individual contact information. 

Invitation to Participate with SHARP to Reduce HAIs   
Join the Surveillance for Healthcare-Associated and Resistant Pathogens (SHARP) Unit in surveillance and prevention initiatives to reduce healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in Michigan. Enroll your facility in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) to conduct facility HAI infection surveillance and share your data with us!

Contact us for additional information on MDCH SHARP surveillance and prevention initiatives, and confidentiality and data use agreements (such as the third party addendum which gives SHARP permission to release NHSN data to MHA Keystone).

SHARP Unit Calendar
View upcoming conferences, webinars and trainings on the SHARP Unit calendar. If you have an event you would like added to the calendar, please email the SHARP Unit.

Monthly Michigan NHSN Users Call and NHSN Updates
Next Call: Wednesday, May 27, 2015 (note: calls are now held every other month)
      *Minutes from the March 2015 call (including full presentations)
      *archived call notes and trainings 

NHSN Updates
      *archived NHSN Updates and Trainings

CDC Reports
CDC HAI State-Specific Progress Reports 

SHARP Unit Updates
Issue 9 of the SHARP Newsletter, Fall/Winter 2014
                *archived SHARP Newsletters 

NEW! 2013 Michigan Annual HAI Surveillance Report  
            *archived Michigan HAI Surveillance Reports 

Reporting Requirements
Current and Proposed Required Reporting to CMS via NHSN for Healthcare Facilities  
*Summary from APIC of Infection Control Issues in the 2014 Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) Final Rule   
*FY 2014 CMS IPPS Final Rule. The deferment of CAUTI and CLABSI reporting outside of the ICU can be found on page 293. The final rule regarding patient Medicare number when reporting an HAI event can be found on page 328.

Chart of the current and proposed rules (updated December 2013)
Chart of the CMS Reporting Requirement Deadlines (updated December 2013) 
Guidance for various facility types on reporting HAI data via NHSN for participation in the CMS IPPS  



HAI Surveillance and Prevention Plan & Reports   

Michigan's Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI) Surveillance & Prevention Plan as well as annual, semi-annual, and quarterly reports from the SHARP Unit. 



NHSN Information and SHARP Trainings & Conferences   

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN)which will be used in Michigan to collect information from healthcare facilities about healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), as well as information on SHARP Unit trainings and conferences. 



HAI Information for Consumers   

Am I a consumer?  A consumer is any person who receives medical care in any healthcare setting.

Useful Information for Consumers 



About this HAI website and the SHARP Unit   

  • What is a Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI)?    
    An HAI is an infection that a patient acquires during the course of receiving medical care in any healthcare setting. HAIs are sometimes referred to as hospital infections, hospital-acquired infections, or nosocomial infections. Although HAIs can occur in any healthcare setting, the primary focus of the MDCH SHARP Unit is on the acute care hospital setting. Common types of infections are central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), ventilator-associated pneumonias (VAPs), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), and surgical site infections (SSIs). Some types of bacteria that are known to cause HAIs are methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Clostridium difficile (C. difficile or C. diff), Acinetobacter , vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA), and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE). 
  • The purpose of the SHARP Unit HAI website is to provide a quick and convenient place for local health departments, hospitals, other healthcare facilities, and consumers to find information about surveillance and prevention of HAIs and SHARP Unit activities. 
  • The Surveillance for Healthcare-Associated & Resistant Pathogens (SHARP) Unit was officially formed in February 2009 within the Surveillance and Infectious Disease Epidemiology (SIDE) Section of the Communicable Disease Division, Bureau of Disease Control, Prevention and Epidemiology, Michigan Department of Community Health. Find out more information on the SHARP Unit, including information on how to contact us


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