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Medication-Assisted Treatment combines one of three FDA-approved medications, referred to as Medications to Treat Opioid Use Disorder, with counseling to treat opioid use disorder and opioid addiction. These medications include methadone, buprenorphine (brand names Suboxone®, Zubsolv® and others), and naltrexone (brand name Vivitrol®). The National Academy of Sciences has found that available evidence “clearly establishes” the increased effectiveness of medication-assisted treatment.
Abstinence-based treatment is complete cessation from all substances and medications in combination with counseling and connection to a community of other recovering individuals.