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There are currently three nuclear power plants in Michigan. These plants produce electricity by using the heat generated from nuclear fission to convert water to steam. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) closely monitors nuclear plants to ensure safety; however, accidents are always possible. If you live with in a ten-mile radius of a nuclear power plant, it is important to be prepared in case an emergency occurs. Be sure to know the terms, what to do, and be prepared to follow instructions from emergency officials.
In Michigan, there are currently three nuclear power plants:
- Unusual Event: A small problem has occurred at the plant. No radiation leak is expected. No action on your part will be necessary.
- Alert: A small problem has occurred. There is a possibility that small amounts of radiation could leak inside the plant. This will not affect you and no action is required.
- Site Area Emergency: Area sirens may be sounded. Radiation could be released from the plant at low levels due to an actual or likely failure of plant function, or a malicious act has occurred at the plant. Federal, State, and Local officials have been notified. Listen to your radio or television for safety information.
- General Emergency: Area sirens will be sounded. A large amount of radiation could leak outside the plant and off the plant site, or unauthorized individuals have conducted malicious acts and severely compromised the security of the plant. Tune to your local radio or television station for reports. Be prepared to follow instructions.
- Make a plan for your pet. Pets are usually not allowed at reception centers.
- Make a plan to stay with family members or friends that are outside of the 10-mile zone in case of an evacuation.
- Have these items readily available (in case of an evacuation):
- A change of clothing
- Personal Items (e.g., keys, bank books, checkbook, wallet, purse, identification, etc.)
- Blankets or a sleeping bag for each person
- Toilet articles (e.g., soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, etc.)
- Medical supplies (e.g., first-aid kit, medicine, prescriptions, glasses, etc.)
- Special baby formulas or food
- Pet supplies
What you should do if you are told to stay indoors; known as shelter in place:
- Listen to local radio and television broadcasts for instructions and information.
- Close all windows and doors, and bring pets inside.
- Turn off all air intake systems such as fans and air conditioners.
- Go to the basement.
- Do not go outside. If you must, cover your nose and mouth with a scarf.
- Do not attempt to drive to a different location.
What you should do if you are told to evacuate:
- Listen to the radio or television for information about evacuation routes and reception centers.
- Go directly to a reception center and register.
- Take only essential items. (see list above)
- Turn off small appliances, lights and water faucets. However, leave your refrigerator and freezer on.
- Turn of all air intake systems, such as fans and air conditioning.
- Close and lock all windows and doors.
- Drive carefully; keep all car windows and vents closed.
- After: Seek medical treatment for any unusual symptoms-such as nausea-that may be related to radiation exposure.
- Continue to listen to the television or radio for further information or instructions.
More Information/Additional Resources: