Phragmites (Common Reed)
*Established in Michigan*
RESTRICTED IN MICHIGAN
- Warm-season perennial grass with a rigid, hollow stem
- Height ranges from 6-13 feet
- Leaves are flat, smooth, and green to grayish-green
- Flowers grow as dense branched clusters on the end of each stem that are open and feathery at maturity
Leslie J Mehrhoff University of Connecticut Bugwood.org
Bernd Blossey Cornell University Bugwood.org
Habitat: Common reed, sometimes called phragmites, is often found in ditches, swales, wetlands, and on stream and pond banks.
Native Range: Phragmites australis is native to North America and commonly found around the world. One strain of this species is thought to be exotic or hybrid and is quickly replacing the native strain in many areas.
Local Concern: Phragmites can be difficult to walk through (for humans and wildlife) and often obstructs landowner views because of its ability to grow in tall, dense patches. The exotic strain can reduce native fish and wildlife populations, block out native salt marsh vegetation, and can be a fire danger for nearby residents.
A Guide to the Control and Management of Invasive Phragmites – Third Edition This document provides in-depth information about Phragmites in the State of Michigan including identification, distribution, management, and control options.
For more information about Phragmites management and control, visit the DEQ’s Phragmites webpage.