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PFAS Minimum Laboratory Analyte List

A scientist in a lab wearing blue gloves holding a pipette and a test tube

PFAS Minimum Laboratory Analyte List

This is the minimum laboratory PFAS analyte list for analysis of fish, deer, and other animals, drinking water, groundwater, surface water, soil, wastewater effluent, and landfill leachate samples collected by Michigan's Departments of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy, Health and Human Services, Agriculture and Rural Development, and Natural Resources. The recommended minimum analyte list for groundwater, surface water, and wastewater is the list found under EPA Method 8327. The minimum analyte list for the testing of fish, deer and other animals is marked by the fish icon.

This minimum analyte list was developed based on the potential for these chemicals to be found in Michigan, the availability of the chemical standards used for testing, and the ability of available laboratories to test for these PFAS. This list includes PFAS that can be tested for in drinking water using United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Method 537.1, which is the only method that should be used when analyzing drinking water samples. Other testing methodology such as isotope dilution may be used to test for PFAS in other media (not drinking water). EPA Method 8327 has undergone multi-lab validation and have been published under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) program and is used by the EGLE laboratory to test surface water, groundwater, and wastewater.


Download the PFAS Recommended Minimum Laboratory Analyte List


NOTE: Draft EPA Method 1633 is currently undergoing multi-laboratory validation as part of the Clean Water Act (CWA) method approval process. When a final PFAS analytical method for wastewater is published in 40 CFR Part 136, this method will be required for sampling conducted under the CWA, including National Pollutant Discharge Elimination (NPDES) permits. Until EPA Method 1633 is approved, an isotope dilution method (sometimes referred to as Method 537 modified) or ASTM Method D7979 may be used. This list is not exhaustive of PFAS in Michigan's environment. 

A fish icon (fish) indicates compounds that are also currently being tested in fish tissue by the Department of Health and Human Services Laboratory