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636 40th Street East (Holland, Allegan County)

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Please contact the Site Lead for the most up-to-date status of this site.

EGLE site lead

Ray Spaulding, or 517-290-2401.


This site is located at 636 40th Street East in Holland. It is an aerosol paint packaging facility with numerous above-ground storage tanks. In the past, the site filled spray cans with 3M Scotchgard and its fire suppression system was primed with Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF). The exact PFAS release location and the materials released is not known at this time. The property is currently regulated under Part 201, historically the site was regulated under Part 213 due to a release from removed and/or closed underground storage tanks.

PFAS was originally sampled for by the Holland Board of Public Works as part of the Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy (EGLE) Industrial Pretreatment Program (IPP). The results of sampling a sump located on the south side of the building which discharges into the city of Holland's sanitary sewer identified Total Tested PFAS at a concentration of approximately 6,000 ppt. Because of this, EGLE met with Sherwin-Williams, the current owner, and asked that they undertake an investigation to determine the nature and extent of the contamination. An interim treatment system has been installed to treat the sanitary discharge as of December 2018.

Shallow, perched groundwater is present in the area; however; there is no information to indicate that surface water bodies have been impacted at this time. Groundwater generally flows to the northwest near the site; surface water flow is controlled by existing topography, roads, and storm water systems. As the area immediately adjacent to the facility is mostly commercial or industrial in nature, there are no other known sensitive receptors.

Investigation activities are being conducted by Sherwin-Williams, with oversight by EGLE and in collaboration with the Allegan County Health Department, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, and the city of Holland. These entities have also kept the Ottawa County Health Department informed, although the known extent of the impacts has not crossed into Ottawa County.

Content posted September 2019

Site map

See an aerial view of the location of the site.

Expand the map

Drinking water

Sherwin-Williams has conducted a well survey within a 1-mile radius of the site and have been able to collect only 1 sample to date from identified downgradient wells. The city of Holland provides municipal water to the majority of businesses and residents in the surrounding area.

Anticipated activities

With oversight from EGLE, Sherwin-Williams will continue to conduct investigation activities, including sampling the utility corridor and installing additional permanent monitoring wells where temporary borings showed significant detections in the groundwater, to determine the nature and extent of the impacts at the site.

Historical timeline

    • On October 9 – 11, 2018, Sherwin-Williams collected samples from 16 existing groundwater monitoring wells to analyze for PFAS. These monitoring wells had been previously installed to investigate the release from the old underground storage tanks.
    • Due to the results, Sherwin-Williams began looking into residential wells within a 1-mile radius of the site. Fifteen wells were identified; out of those 15, 7 were connected to municipal water, 3 were determined not to exist, 3 were irrigation wells closed for the season (1 had an inoperable pump), 1 resident was unresponsive, and 1 resident agreed to the sampling.
    • On December 20, 2018, Sherwin-Williams sampled 1 private well downgradient of the site. Results were non-detect for all PFAS tested for.
    • In a December 12, 2018, meeting with stakeholders, EGLE was made aware of the results of the October 2018 groundwater monitoring well sampling. The highest value was 33,437 ppt PFOS+PFOA in one sample, and 73,866 ppt Total Tested PFAS in a separate sample. Validated data was submitted to EGLE by Sherwin-Williams in a December 21, 2018 report.
    • In January 2019, Sherwin-Williams conducted a subsurface evaluation extending off the property to the north. Sherwin-Williams installed temporary monitoring points to conduct vertical aquifer profiling (taking groundwater samples from different depths of the same location). Permanent monitoring wells will be installed to monitor groundwater conditions over time.
    • On March 11, 2019, EGLE received the results for the 1 residential well sample collected in December 2018. Results were Non-Detect for PFOS+PFOA and Non-Detect for Total Tested PFAS.
    • During the weeks of April 8 and 15, 2019, Sherwin-Williams completed 11 borings along the utility corridor and samples were collected.
    • During the weeks of April 8 and 15, 2019, Sherwin-Williams installed 16 permanent groundwater monitoring wells and one temporary groundwater monitoring well.

    Sampling: PFOS and PFOA Only

    Type of Sample

    Date Sampled

    # of Samples

    # of Results Received

    # of Non-detects

    # Between Non-detect and standard*

    # > Standard

    Monitoring Wells

    Oct 9, 2018 - May 3, 2019 37 16 0 3 13
    Residential Drinking Wells Dec 20, 2018 1 1 1 0 0
    Temporary Monitoring Wells May 2019 29 18 1 13 4


    67 35 2 16 17

    *Groundwater results are compared to EGLE Part 201 Criteria of 70 ppt PFOS+PFOA.
    *Residential well results are compared to the USEPA Lifetime Health Advisory level of 70 ppt PFOS+PFOA.

    Sampling notes

    • Other PFAS analytes were detected in samples. There are no federal or state standards for these analytes.