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Deyoung Landfill (Zeeland, Allegan County)

Disclaimer
Web content may not routinely be updated on this page. Please contact the Site Lead for the most up-to-date status of the site.
Content posted January 2022.

EGLE Site Lead

Ray Spaulding, SpauldingR1@Michigan.gov or 517-290-2401.

Site Background

In response to groundwater contamination reported in the North Kent area from chemicals including PFAS, EGLE requested public input about off-site dumping, possibly related to Wolverine World-Wide (Wolverine) activities. One of the reports received indicated that waste from Wolverine had been disposed of at the Deyoung Landfill in Zeeland. In 2018, historical aerial photo review and limited site reconnaissance activities were completed by EGLE staff to investigate the report. This 46-acre parcel was used as a licensed landfill during the 1960s through the 1980s. There is a small creek that flows east to west along the northern perimeter of the property. A surface water sample was collected from the creek in the area where the most staining was observed, downstream from where the creek has undercut the landfill. Results from the surface water sample indicated that low levels PFOA and PFOS are present in the surface water, at concentrations below groundwater/surface water interface (GSI) criteria for both compounds. 

Groundwater flow direction is to the west-northwest at the site.  An unnamed tributary of the Macatawa River runs through the northern section of the site and is a potential surface water receptor.  

Deyoung Landfill Groundwater Sampling Results Map

Recent Accomplishments

  • In August 2021, EGLE collected six groundwater samples from around the landfill. 
  • On September 26, 2021, EGLE received the groundwater sample results from August 2021.  The highest groundwater sample was 374 ppt PFOA (compared to the criteria which is 8 ppt) and the highest PFOS was estimated at 232 ppt (compared to 16 ppt).  

Next Steps

  • EGLE will reach out to nearby residential well owners for access to sample wells in late December early January.

Residential Well/Alternate Water

  • EGLE is working with the Allegan and Ottawa County Health Departments as well as the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services to develop a residential well sampling strategy for the homes in the immediate vicinity of the site. 

Upcoming Community Engagement

  • None scheduled at this time.

Sampling Results Summary

Type of Sample

Date Sampled
(or range)

Number of Sample
Results Received

Number of Samples
above Criteria*

Groundwater
Monitoring Wells
August 2021 6 6
Residential
Wells
TBD - -
Surface Water 2018 1 0

* Residential well and groundwater monitoring well results are compared to EGLE Part 201 criteria for 7 PFAS compounds effective 12/21/2020:  PFOS (16 ppt), PFOA (8 ppt), PFNA (6 ppt), PFHxS (51 ppt), PFHxA (400,000 ppt), PFBS (420 ppt), and HFPO-DA (370 ppt).

* Surface water samples are compared to Rule 57 non-drinking water values of 12 ppt for PFOS and 12,000 ppt for PFOA.

Sampling Notes

  • None at this time.