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CES Landfill of Hastings (Hastings, Barry County)

Web content may not routinely be updated on this page. Please contact the Site Lead for the most up-to-date status of the site.
Content posted June 2021.

EGLE Site Lead

Kent Walters, or (616)-278-4350.


CES Landfill of Hastings (CES Landfill) is located at 1899 North M-43 Highway in Barry County and owned and operated by Waste Management.  The oldest parts of the landfill have impacted groundwater with Volatile Organic Compound (VOCs).  Due to some VOCs being above standards, the landfill installed and operates a groundwater remediation system to capture and remove VOCs from the groundwater.  The treated groundwater is discharged to nearby wetlands.  The remediation system is not designed to treat PFAS.  In 2019, EGLE requested the site be sampled for PFAS analysis due to historical contamination.

On-site groundwater flows to the southwest toward a large wetland that is connected to Carter Lake.  There are nearby residential drinking water receptors, upgradient and side-gradient of the landfill.  A landfill monitoring well side-gradient to the landfill and near a residential drinking water well was tested for PFAS and was non-detect for all PFAS. A residential community exists approximately a half mile downgradient of the landfill on the opposite side of the wetland and Carter Lake.

CES Landfill of Hastings Map

Recent Accomplishments

  • On May 3, 2021, CES Landfill provided results from the sampling event in March 2020.  Two samples were collected, both were non-detect for all PFAS.
  • On May 13, 2021, EGLE met with CES Landfill to discuss the sampling results and next steps.  It was agreed that the data and investigation should be reviewed by EGLE to determine next steps in the investigation. 

Next Steps

  • EGLE will meet internally on June 30, 2021 to review CES Landfill data and investigation to determine next steps in the investigation.

Residential Well Testing/Alternate Water Information

  • Current information does not indicate there is impact above criteria to nearby residential wells.   EGLE will continue to work with the local health department as new information becomes available.   

Upcoming Community Engagement

  • None scheduled at this time.

Sampling: PFOS and PFOA Only

Type of Sample

Date Sampled
(or range)

Number of Sample Results Received

Number of Samples Above  Criteria

Groundwater Water Monitoring Wells Dec 2020 11 2

* Residential well and groundwater monitoring well results are compared to EGLE Part 201 criteria for 7 PFAS compounds:  PFOS (16 ppt), PFOA (8 ppt), PFNA (6 ppt), PFHxS (51 ppt), PFHxA (400,000 ppt), PFBS (420 ppt), and HFPO-DA (370 ppt).

Sampling Notes

  • On December 18, 2018, through EGLE's Industrial Pre-Treatment Program initiative, PFAS was discovered in the landfill's leachate as high as 1,370 ppt PFOA and PFOS.  There are currently no standards for landfill leachate.   

Historical Timeline

    • On May 14, 2019, EGLE sampled the groundwater remediation treatment system which discharges to the nearby wetland for PFAS.  The result was 4.7 ppt for PFOA and non-detect for PFOS.
    • On October 1, 2019, CES Landfill provided a workplan to sample PFAS in select groundwater monitoring wells.  EGLE submitted requests for additional monitoring wells to be sampled.
    • On November 7, 2019, EGLE reviewed and approved of a revised PFAS sampling workplan at CES Landfill.
    • On December 4, 2019, CES Landfill sampled five on-site groundwater monitoring wells for PFAS analysis.
    • On March 9, 2020, EGLE received the PFAS sampling summary report from the sampling event in December 2019.  One monitoring well (MW-14) was in exceedance of Part 201 Criteria, the result was 43 ppt PFOA and non-detect for PFOS.
    • On December 17, 2020, CES Landfill sampled four additional monitoring wells to better define PFAS impacts to groundwater.
    • On February 10, 2021, CES landfill provided results from the sampling event in December 2020. The highest PFOA was 13 ppt collected from Monitoring Well 15-2D, the highest PFHxA was 15 ppt collected from Monitoring Well 15-2D, the highest PFHxS was 3 ppt collected from Monitoring Well 15-2D, the highest PFBS was 3 ppt collected from Monitoring Well 15-2D, PFOS and PFNA were not detected.