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Allied Paper, Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River Superfund Site, Willow Boulevard/A-Site Landfill (OU2) (Kalamazoo Township, Kalamazoo County)

Disclaimer: Web content may not be routinely updated on this page.

Please contact the Site Lead for the most up-to-date status of this site.

EGLE site lead

Daniel Peabody, or (517) 285-3924. 

Waste Disposal Questions

Please note that this landfill is CLOSED and does not accept waste. 


The Willow Boulevard/A-Site Landfill is located near the intersection of Lake Street and Olmstead Road and is approximately 32-acres in size. A Record of Decision (ROD)—which is a document that explains the remediation for cleanup of a Superfund site--was finalized in 2006. In May 2009, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Georgia-Pacific (GP) entered into a Consent Decree requiring GP to perform cleanup actions at the site. The design was finalized in May 2011 and construction of the remedy, including consolidation of waste and landfill cap construction, was completed during the 2011 and 2012 construction seasons. Monitoring well installation was completed in 2013. Operation, maintenance, and monitoring has begun and continues at the site. Additional information is available on the U.S EPA Allied Paper, Inc./Portage Creek/Kalamazoo River Superfund Site webpage.

On October 11, 2018, GP notified the Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy (EGLE) and the EPA that they had completed PFAS sampling at many of their sites, including the Willow Boulevard/A-Site Landfill, to evaluate whether or not PFAS was present in groundwater and provided EGLE and the EPA with the groundwater sample results.

Shallow groundwater discharges toward the Kalamazoo River and Davis Creek, which borders the site to the north and east. Type 1 water wells operated by the city of Kalamazoo are located approximately 0.5-miles north of the landfill. The nearest private drinking water wells are located approximately 0.9-miles north of the landfill.

A “Do Not Eat” advisory is already in-place for this section of the Kalamazoo River because of PCB contamination.

Content posted September 2020.

Drinking water

No residential well testing is planned at this time.

Anticipated activities

GP planned to conduct additional groundwater sampling at Willow Boulevard/A-Site in 2019 but was unable to complete those activities due to consistently high river flow conditions. Additional groundwater sampling is planned for 2020.

Historical timeline

    • In August 2018, groundwater samples were collected by Tetra Tech on behalf of GP. 
    • On October 11, 2018, GP provided groundwater samples results to EGLE and the EPA.  The highest PFOS sample result was 150 ppt and for 86 ppt for PFOA and a total PFAS result of 345.8 ppt collected from a monitoring well located along the northern boundary of the site.

    Sampling: PFOS and PFOA Only

    Type of Sample

    Date Sampled (or range)

    Number of Sample Results Received

    Number of Samples above PFOS Criteria

    Number of Samples above PFOA Criteria

    Groundwater August 2018 19 13 12
    Cumulative 19 13 12

    *Groundwater results are compared to EGLE Part 201 Criteria of PFOS 16 ppt and PFOA 8 ppt.

    Sampling Notes

    • Work was completed without oversight, a sample plan, or QAPP but the collection methods and analyses used generally followed the State of Michigan guidance. 
    • This site investigation will be discussed at the virtual MPART PFAS Regional Informational Webinar – Jackson and Kalamazoo Region on September 9, 2020.   Please visit the MPART Public Meeting Calendar for more information.