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Lucy Road Landfill (Howell, Livingston County)

EGLE Site Lead: Rebecca Taylor, or 517-294-5160. Content last updated October 17, 2022.


Lucy Road Landfill is located on Lucy Road south of Grand River Avenue and spans approximately 40-acres. The landfill was in operation from 1950’s to 1974 and accepted industrial wastes, which included liquid wastes associated with a plastic film manufacturer. After the landfill closed operations, the City of Howell partnered with the plastics manufacturer to conduct soil removal, waste drum removal, and installed monitoring wells at multiple depths to locate groundwater contamination. PFAS was not included in the groundwater monitoring.  In July 2022, EGLE sampled 17 monitor wells for PFAS.

A portion of the contaminated groundwater flows southwesterly and enters Marion-Genoa Drain headwater wetlands.   On the north side of the landfill, groundwater flows to the northeast because of constant pumping by the MDOT sump under a railroad underpass at Grand River Avenue to prevent flooding.  The MDOT sump acts as a purge well, capturing area groundwater, discharging to Thompson Lake.  PFOA and PFOS are above drinking water and water quality values in monitoring wells where groundwater moves towards the sump.

Lucy Road Landfill map

Recent Accomplishments

  • On June 8, 2022, EGLE performed a residential well survey along Lucy Road.
  • On July 11-12, 2022, EGLE staff collected groundwater samples from 17 monitoring wells.
  • On July 28, 2022, EGLE received permission to sample one private well on Lucy Road.
  • On July 29, 2022, EGLE received the groundwater sample results. Nine of 17 monitoring wells sampled, had PFAS above criteria. The highest results were 110 ppt PFOA (compared to 8 ppt), 60 ppt PFOS (compared to 16 ppt), and 80 ppt PFHxS (compared to 51 ppt). EGLE notified the City of Howell of the PFAS results.
  • On August 23, 2022, EGLE sampled the private well where access was granted. The result was below criteria. EGLE continues to attempt access for a business and residential well south of the Landfill.

Next Steps

  • EGLE will sample one business and one residential well if access is granted.
  • EGLE will collect surface water samples for PFAS at the wetlands on the property when the wetland is not dry. EGLE will sample the MDOT sump outfall at the same time as wetland sampling.
  • EGLE will ask the City of Howell to conduct annual groundwater monitoring at the landfill.

Residential Well Sampling / Alternative Water Information

  • Residential wells are located south of the site on the east side of Lucy Road.  The adjacent property owner has granted permission to sample their drinking water well which is used for utility purposes; bottled water is available for employees.  Residents on the west side of Lucy Road are connected to municipal water from Marion Township. Genoa Township businesses and residents on the east side of Lucy Road currently do not have access to a municipal water supply.  EGLE, DHHS, and the local health department will continue to evaluate drinking water wells in the area.

Upcoming Community Engagement

  • None scheduled at this time.

Sampling Results Summary

Type of Sample

Date Sampled
(or range)

Number of Sample Results Received

Number of Samples above Criteria*

Groundwater Monitoring Wells

July 11-12, 2022



Residential Wells

August 23, 2022



Surface Water




* Residential well and groundwater monitoring well results are compared to EGLE Part 201 criteria for 7 PFAS compounds effective 12/21/2020:  PFOS (16 ppt), PFOA (8 ppt), PFNA (6 ppt), PFHxS (51 ppt), PFHxA (400,000 ppt), PFBS (420 ppt), and HFPO-DA (370 ppt).
* Surface water samples are compared to Rule 57 non-drinking water values of 12 ppt for PFOS, 170 ppt for PFOA, and 670,000 ppt for PFBS.

Sampling Notes

  • None at this time.