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Regal Recycling (former) Area of Interest (Howell, Livingston County)

EGLE Site Lead: Rebecca Taylor, or 517-284-5160. Content last updated: October 17, 2022.


Regal Recycling (former owner) located at 645 Lucy Road is owned and operated by Padnos Metals Recycling Incorporated who completed a Baseline Environmental Assessment prior to purchase of the property.   Proposed PFAS investigation is based on site history and monitoring well results from the adjacent property to the north, Lucy Road Landfill.  A monitor well receiving contamination from both Lucy Road Landfill and Regal Recycling facilities showed the highest concentrations of PFAS above criteria for PFOA, PFAS and PFHxS.  PFNA at 4.3 parts per trillion (ppt) and PFECHS (not regulated) at 7.5 ppt are found in this monitoring well, but not up-gradient Lucy Road Landfill monitor wells.  In 2013, a large fire was suppressed using over 300,000 gallons of water, no information regarding the use of AFFF foam. The materials burned included solid wastes and fire suppression water was found to contain volatile organic compounds and metals above drinking water and water quality standards.

Groundwater flow is westerly from former Regal Recycling property. Receiving water bodies are wetlands and a pond associated with the headwaters of the Marion-Genoa drain flowing into the south branch of the Shiawassee River.

Regal Recycling (former) Area of Interest Map

Recent Accomplishments

  • On July 29, 2022, EGLE reviewed monitoring well PFAS data from the adjacent Lucy Road Landfill property and found analytical indications that former Regal Recycling property may be contributing PFAS into the groundwater.
  • On August 23, 2022, EGLE sampled a private well at 645 Lucy Road. PFAS was detected below criteria.

Next Steps

  • EGLE will notify the liable party, former Regal Recycling, to sample their monitoring wells for PFAS with a 14-day deadline to reply or EGLE will engage its staff to sample accessible monitoring wells for PFAS and non-PFAS parameters.
  • EGLE will attempt to obtain access from two properties over ¼ mile from the facility for private well sampling.
  • EGLE will sample surface water receptors after open water returns to the wetlands.

Residential Well Sampling / Alternative Water Information

  • Municipal water is available to residents on the west side of Lucy Road living in Marion Township. Properties on the east side of Lucy Road outside Howell City limits in Genoa Township are not connected to a municipal water supply. The City of Howell is installing a water line to properties near the city limits north of the railroad tracks. Trenchless pipe installation methods are employed to prevent relocation of PFAS impacted groundwater.

Upcoming Community Engagement

  • None scheduled at this time.

Sampling Results Summary

Type of Sample

Date Sampled
(or range)

Number of Sample Results Received

Number of Samples above Criteria*

Monitoring Wells




Residential Wells

August 23, 2022



Surface Water




* Residential well and groundwater monitoring well results are compared to EGLE Part 201 criteria for 7 PFAS compounds effective 12/21/2020:  PFOS (16 ppt), PFOA (8 ppt), PFNA (6 ppt), PFHxS (51 ppt), PFHxA (400,000 ppt), PFBS (420 ppt), and HFPO-DA (370 ppt).
* Surface water samples are compared to Rule 57 non-drinking water values of 12 ppt for PFOS, 170 ppt for PFOA, and 670,000 ppt for PFBS.

Sampling Notes

  • At the time EGLE-GSS sampled the adjacent Lucy Road Landfill property, non PFAS-free dedicated tubing was removed from monitoring wells and replaced by PFAS free tubing to collect groundwater samples using accepted sampling protocols.