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Haywire Landfill (Manistique, Schoolcraft County)

EGLE Site Lead: Mary Ann St Antoine, StAntoineM@Michigan.gov or 989-370-8035. Content last updated October 31, 2022.

Background

Haywire Landfill, located on M-94 north of Manistique, has operated since 2003, as a Type III low-hazard industrial waste landfill.  The landfill is currently 28 acres and receives paper mill residual material (also called paper pulp).  Due to historical groundwater contamination at this site, including boron, total inorganic nitrogen, and arsenic, and the fact that paper mill residuals often contain PFAS chemicals, EGLE requested that the Haywire Landfill sample groundwater for PFAS, which was done in June 2021.

Groundwater flows to the east – northeast towards the Manistique River. 

Haywire Landfill map

Recent Accomplishments

  • On June 9, 2021, the Haywire Landfill consultant, Bittner Engineering, Inc., collected groundwater samples from four monitoring wells.
  • On August 19, 2022, EGLE received the results of the June 9, 2021, sampling event. Upgradient monitoring well MW-15 was non-detect for PFAS. Samples from the other three monitoring wells had results that were above the Groundwater Cleanup Criteria, the highest of which was 64 ppt PFOA and 95 ppt PFOS.

Next Steps

  • EGLE will request the Landfill to collect samples from wells located on the border of the landfill, to help delineate the plume of contamination and to determine if any PFAS contamination has left the site.

Residential Well Sampling / Alternative Water Information

  • There are no residential wells located downgradient or side gradient of the landfill.

Upcoming Community Engagement

  • None scheduled at this time.

Sampling Results Summary

Type of Sample

Date Sampled
(or range)

Number of Sample Results Received

Number of Samples above Criteria*

Groundwater Monitoring Wells

June 9, 2021

4

3

* Residential well and groundwater monitoring well results are compared to EGLE Part 201 criteria for 7 PFAS compounds effective 12/21/2020:  PFOS (16 ppt), PFOA (8 ppt), PFNA (6 ppt), PFHxS (51 ppt), PFHxA (400,000 ppt), PFBS (420 ppt), and HFPO-DA (370 ppt).

Sampling Notes

  • None at this time.