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City Sand & Landfill, Inc. (Belleville, Wayne County)
EGLE Site Lead: Mary Carnagie, CarnagieM@Michigan.gov or 248-410-1755. Content last updated: May 6, 2022.
City Sand & Landfill Inc. is located at 46805 Willow Road. The approximately 240-acre site consists of a closed Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfill and a closed MSW Ash monofill managed by Waste Management. Before becoming a landfill, the site was used as a sand and gravel mine. The landfills were closed in the early to mid-1990s. Historically, leachate releases have caused groundwater contamination at the site. Due to these releases and proximity to drinking water wells and surface water bodies the site was sampled for PFAS.
Groundwater flows to the southeast. There are no off-site impacts documented.
- On October 26-27, 2021, WM’s contractor Environmental Sampling Services, Inc. (ESS) sampled 17 monitoring wells for PFAS. The highest groundwater results were 13 ppt PFOS, 25 ppt PFOA, non-detect PFNA, 11 ppt PFHxS, 120 ppt PFHxA, 17 ppt PFBS, and non-detect for HFPO-DA.
- WM is sampling for PFAS semiannually in 2021 and 2022 to delineate the extent of PFAS contamination to determine if further response is necessary.
Residential Well Testing/Alternate Water Information
- There are no residential wells in the area. The area is served by municipal water.
Upcoming Community Engagement
- None at this time.
Sampling Results Summary
Type of Sample
Date Sampled (or Range)
Number of Sample Results Received
Number of Samples Above Criteria
Groundwater Monitoring Wells
|October 2019 - April/May 2021||40||10|
* Residential well and groundwater monitoring well results are compared to EGLE Part 201 criteria for 7 PFAS compounds: PFOS (16 ppt), PFOA (8 ppt), PFNA (6 ppt), PFHxS (51 ppt), PFHxA (400,000 ppt), PFBS (420 ppt), and HFPO-DA (370 ppt).
- None at this time.
- Between October 23 - 29, 2019, Waste Management's (WM) contractor, Environmental Sampling Services, collected six groundwater samples for PFAS analysis in accordance with the approved work plan dated September 26, 2019.
- On December 20, 2019, WM submitted the results from the PFAS sampling event to EGLE. The highest groundwater results were 2.9 ppt PFOS, 65 ppt PFOA, non-detect PFNA, 30 ppt PFHxS, 370 ppt PFHxA, 25 ppt PFBS, and non-detect HFPO-DA.
- On November 30, 2020, WM submitted a workplan to delineate PFAS in groundwater. EGLE responded with comments that required revisions. On January 12, 2021, WM submitted a revised workplan to delineate PFAS in groundwater. EGLE approved the workplan.
- On April 28 – May 3, 2021, WM’s contractor Environmental Sampling Services, Inc. (ESS) sampled 17 monitoring wells for PFAS. The highest groundwater results were 4.2 ppt PFOS, 29 ppt PFOA, non-detect PFNA, 9.3 ppt PFHxS, 110 ppt PFHxA, 20 ppt PFBS, and non-detect for HFPO-DA.