Development and Milestones for Pre-K Children (4 - 5 years)

  • Development And Milestones For Pre-K Children (4 - 5 Years)

    When your child reaches ages four and five, they can attend preschool and are getting ready for kindergarten. Some of their developmental milestones during this time include skills like naming colors, showing affection and hopping on one foot. Other skills they develop at this age include being able to ride a tricycle, use safety scissors, help dress and undress themselves, play with other children, and sing a song or recall a story.


  • children hiding behind treeWhat to expect at this age

    This is a time when they are starting to grow into early childhood and become more independent. Their world begins to open up and they start to focus on more adults and children outside of your family. They are ready to explore their world and start asking a lot of questions.

    90% of your child’s brain develops by age five. It’s during these years that their interactions with family and those around them help shape their personality and their own ways of thinking and moving. 

Milestone Checklists

  • son running into father's armsMILESTONES CHECKLISTS

    The small steps you take during these first five years make a big difference in your child’s future success. The Center for Disease Control developed materials to give you some simple steps to help your child succeed in school and life. 

    The milestone checklists for preschoolers through age five contain things most children do by this age in the areas of:

    • Social & emotional development
    • Language & communication development
    • Cognitive development (learning, thinking, problem solving)
    • Movement & physical development
    • Plus, things to watch out for that might need a doctor’s attention


  • girl playing on play place4-Year Checklist

    4-Year Checklist

    Milestones include: 

    Sing a simple song like “Itsy bitsy spider” by memory

    Understands the idea of counting

    Plays board or card games

    Hops and stands on one foot up to 2 seconds

    Go to 4-Year Checklist

  • boy outside sitting and smiling next to tree5-YEAR CHECKLIST

    5-Year Checklist

    Milestones include: 

    Tells a simple story using full sentences

    Can print some numbers and letters

    Can use the toilet on their own

    Swings and climbs

    Go to 5-Year Checklist

Milestone Tracker App

  • girl smiling holding popsicle

    For an easy way to keep track of when your child should reach certain milestones, download the free Center for Disease Control Milestones Tracker app in the Apple App Store or on Google Play. The App also includes activities and learning tips for each age and an area where you can keep track of all your doctor appointments. 

    Learn More About The App


Children develop at different rates

  • children playing tug-o-warCHILDREN DEVELOP AT DIFFERENT RATES

    Although most children learn to do things and reach specific milestones by a certain age, not all do. Different children develop at different rates. But if they’re missing developmental milestones or struggling to learn, thy may need additional support to help prepare for kindergarten.


  • Build Up logoBuild Up

    Build Up Michigan can help you find programs and special education to help if you have a concern that your child has a developmental delay that is affecting their ability to learn. Find out more call



    Visit Build Up

More Resources for Parents

  • Positive Parenting Tips

    Positive Parenting Tips

    Find positive things you can do as a parent broken out for every age group – in English and Spanish from the Center for Disease Control

    Get Parenting Tips

  • Development Milestones

    Development Milestones

    Find videos, milestone checklists, the Milestone Tracker app, the Milestones in Action photo and video library, and more from the center for disease control.

    Get Development tips

  • Growth Development

    Growth Development

    Find resources by different age groups, videos for parents, and other toddler resources from Pathways.org.

    Visit Pathways

  • PBS Kids for Parents

    PBS Kids for Parents

    Find shows and videos to watch, play activities, ways to help your child thrive, ways to learn and grow at each milestone and more.

    Visit PBS Kids


Contact Us

  • Contact Us

    The Michigan Department of Education offers more help to find resources to meet your needs.

    Contact Us