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Gov. Whitmer, MDARD to allow commercial solar panels on Michigan Farmland


June 3, 2019   

Gov. Whitmer, MDARD to allow commercial solar panels on Michigan Farmland
Administrative decision balances farmland preservation with renewable energy demands


LANSING, Mich. –Today, Governor Gretchen Whitmer and Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) Director Gary McDowell announced MDARD’s decision to allow land currently enrolled in the department’s Farmland and Open Space Preservation Program to be used for commercial solar array purposes.

The Farmland and Open Space Preservation program provides tax incentives to landowners who keep their land under agreements for agricultural use. Currently, there are 3.4 million acres of farmland enrolled in PA 116. As a result, developers searching for farmland for large solar array projects are having difficulty finding areas that don’t include farmland in the preservation program.

“My administration understands and is committed to helping meet the growing demand for clean, renewable energy sources in our state. By preparing for and investing in renewable energy, we're protecting our environment while diversifying revenue options for Michigan farmers and supporting economic development and job creation in a key Michigan industry." said Whitmer. “We want to ensure that the placement of commercial solar panel arrays is consistent with farming operations and the purposes of PA 116, while also providing opportunities for renewable energy."

Whitmer convened a workgroup, chaired by McDowell, of agricultural and conservation partners to look at how renewable energy in the form of solar panels could be a part of the larger farmland preservation effort. The workgroup came up with a policy for allowing solar panel development for commercial use.

The policy change allows for the use of parcels of land enrolled in MDARD’s   preservation program if they are part of a much larger commercial solar array. This includes maintaining the PA 116 agreement by deferring its continuation until after the solar energy agreement. 

The policy also puts in place conditions that assure the land is returned to a state allowing for agriculture production practices after panels, wiring and other mechanisms are removed. The landowners must sign an amended PA 116 agreement that guarantees these conditions are met.  To see the full administrative conditions, visit

“This administrative decision will not result in a loss of useable farmland,” said McDowell. “The change ensures that Michigan’s farmland is preserved so we can continue to feed our communities while also balancing the need to develop renewable energy sources. This is an exciting new opportunity for Michigan's farmers to diversify while they continue to face challenging circumstances.”

MDARD’s Farmland and Open Space Preservation Program is designed to preserve farmland and open space through agreements that restrict development and provide tax incentives for program participation. Public Act 116 enables a landowner to enter into a Development Rights Agreement with the state. It ensures the land remains in agricultural use for a minimum of 10 years and is not developed for any non-agricultural use. In return, the landowner may be entitled to certain income tax benefits, and the land is not subject to special assessments for sanitary sewer, water, lights or non-farm drain projects.

For more information about solar development on PA 116 land or Farmland Preservation Program, visit or contact Rich Harlow, Farmland and Open Space Preservation Program Manager, 517-284-5663.