Gov. Gretchen Whitmer
Training of pharmacists
Rescission of Executive Order 2020-124
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is a respiratory disease that can result in serious illness
or death. It is caused by a new strain of coronavirus not previously identified in humans
and easily spread from person to person. There is currently no approved vaccine or antiviral
treatment for this disease.
On March 10, 2020, the Department of Health and Human Services identified the first two presumptive-positive cases of COVID-19 in Michigan. On that same day, I issued Executive Order 2020-4. This order declared a state of emergency across the state of Michigan under section 1 of article 5 of the Michigan Constitution of 1963, the Emergency Management Act, 1976 PA 390, as amended (EMA), MCL 30.401 et seq., and the Emergency Powers of the Governor Act of 1945, 1945 PA 302, as amended (EPGA), MCL 10.31 et seq.
Since then, the virus spread across Michigan, bringing deaths in the thousands, confirmed
cases in the tens of thousands, and deep disruption to this state’s economy, homes, and
educational, civic, social, and religious institutions. On April 1, 2020, in response to the
widespread and severe health, economic, and social harms posed by the COVID-19
pandemic, I issued Executive Order 2020-33. This order expanded on Executive Order
2020-4 and declared both a state of emergency and a state of disaster across the State of
Michigan under section 1 of article 5 of the Michigan Constitution of 1963, the Emergency
Management Act, and the Emergency Powers of the Governor Act of 1945. And on April 30,
2020, finding that COVID-19 had created emergency and disaster conditions across the
State of Michigan, I issued Executive Order 2020-67 to continue the emergency declaration
under the EPGA, as well as Executive Order 2020-68 to issue new emergency and disaster
declarations under the EMA.
Those executive orders have been challenged in Michigan House of Representatives and
Michigan Senate v. Whitmer. On May 21, 2020, the Court of Claims ruled that Executive
Order 2020-67 is a valid exercise of authority under the Emergency Powers of the Governor
Act but that Executive Order 2020-68 is not a valid exercise of authority under the
Emergency Management Act. Both of those rulings are being challenged on appeal.
On June 18, 2020, I issued Executive Order 2020-127, again finding that the COVID-19
pandemic constitutes a disaster and emergency throughout the State of Michigan. That
order constituted a state of emergency declaration under the Emergency Powers of the
Governor Act of 1945. And, to the extent the governor may declare a state of emergency and
a state of disaster under the Emergency Management Act when emergency and disaster
conditions exist yet the legislature had declined to grant an extension request, that order
also constituted a state of emergency and state of disaster declaration under that act.
The Emergency Powers of the Governor Act provides a sufficient legal basis for issuing this
executive order. In relevant part, it provides that, after declaring a state of emergency, “the
governor may promulgate reasonable orders, rules, and regulations as he or she considers
necessary to protect life and property or to bring the emergency situation within the
affected area under control.” MCL 10.31(1).
Nevertheless, subject to the ongoing litigation and the possibility that current rulings may
be overturned or otherwise altered on appeal, I also invoke the Emergency Management
Act as a basis for executive action to combat the spread of COVID-19 and mitigate the
effects of this emergency on the people of Michigan, with the intent to preserve the rights
and protections provided by the EMA. The EMA vests the governor with broad powers and
duties to “cop[e] with dangers to this state or the people of this state presented by a disaster
or emergency,” which the governor may implement through “executive orders,
proclamations, and directives having the force and effect of law.” MCL 30.403(1)–(2). This
executive order falls within the scope of those powers and duties, and to the extent the
governor may declare a state of emergency and a state of disaster under the Emergency
Management Act when emergency and disaster conditions exist yet the legislature has not
granted an extension request, they too provide a sufficient legal basis for this order.
Executive Order 2020-124 and its predecessors provided temporary and limited relief from certain regulatory restrictions regarding pharmacies, in order to enhance their operational capacity, flexibility, and efficiency at the height of the pandemic. Although COVID-19 remains aggressive and persistent, the demands on pharmacy operations have subsided, reducing the need for these measures. This order therefore extends only those provisions that relate to the training of student pharmacists, as it remains reasonable and necessary to continue to develop Michigan’s pharmacist talent notwithstanding the challenges of conducting in-person instruction brought on by the pandemic. With this order, Executive Order 2020-124 is rescinded.
Acting under the Michigan Constitution of 1963 and Michigan law, I order the following:
Given under my hand and the Great Seal of the State of Michigan.