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PURPA is a federal law enacted in 1978 in reaction to an energy crisis and implemented by state public service commissions for rate-regulated electric utilities. PURPA’s goals are to encourage competition, conservation, reliability and efficiency in generating and delivering electricity. One of the ways PURPA was set up to accomplish its goals was by establishing a new class of power generation facilities -known as qualifying facilities (QFs) -which would receive a special rate for selling their electricity back to the local electric utility and related regulatory treatment. PURPA imposed an obligation on local (“host”) utilities to purchase power from QFs in an effort to promote competition and achieve the other policy goals embodied in the federal law. Federal rules require state public service commissions and non-regulated utilities (primarily rural cooperatives and municipalities not regulated by state commissions) to set rates for the host utility to buy power from a QF. For an issue brief about PURPA, click here

The Commission issued its second Report on the Implementation of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) on April 20, 2020, as required by Section 6v of PA 341 of 2016. This report describes the status of qualifying facilities (QFs) in the state, the current status of power purchase agreements (PPAs) for each QF, and the Commission’s efforts to comply with the requirements of PURPA. 

Staff Leads

Merideth Hadala


The Commission established separately docketed cases for all rate-regulated utilities and directed them to make avoided cost calculation filings in June 2016.  The cases are proceeding and links to each docket are provided below.


Related Dockets

The Commission issued an order in Docket U-20095 to address issues related to the avoided cost rates for capacity.  Interested parties may file written or electronic comments on the determination of utility capacity requirements over a 10-year planning horizon and the criteria for evaluating a legally enforceable obligation. The final order was issued on October 5, 2018.
The Commission has ordered many utilities to include the biennial PURPA review in the Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) filing.  Consumers Energy has updated PURPA avoided costs in its IRP Case No. U-20165.  An Order on June 7, 2019, approves a contested settlement in this case.


Final Report



March 3, 2016


February 10, 2016

AgendaMPSC Staff | PURPA Administrative Process

February 3, 2016

Agenda | Ken Rose | IPPC 1 | IPPC 2

January 13, 2016

Agenda | MPSC Staff | PURPA Implementation

December 8, 2015

Agenda | Elefant | MPSC Staff 


PURPA Related Documents

Issue Brief

Consumers Comments

IPPC Comments

ELCP/5Lakes Comments

Congressional Letters

PURPA Title II Compliance Manual

PURPA Contract List – Prepared by MPSC Staff

Reviving PURPA’s Purpose