Licensed Private Security Police Officers Act
Public Act 330 was first enacted in 1968 over concerns about the regulation and training of security guards. Effective October 1, 2002, Public Act 473 of 2002, transferred licensing responsibilities from the Department of State Police to the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA), except in regard to private security police. The Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES) is responsible for administering the functions of PA 330 of 1968 as it relates to private security police.
By definition, private security police are security guards who are employed by a business organization for the purpose of protecting the premises of that specific employer. Security guard agencies, employing security personnel who provide protection to other business entities, and licensed by the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA), are not eligible for the security police license or the arrest authority granted in PA 330, Section 30.
Licensed private security police agencies are empowered to hire licensed private security police officers. Licensed private security police officers, also referred to as "arrest authority" security guards, have misdemeanor arrest authority while on active duty, on their employer's premises and in full uniform. One person, usually a security manager, is responsible for licensure and all of the employees that have the "arrest authority." Employees with "arrest authority" must meet minimum requirements related to age, security or law enforcement experience and are subject to completion of a suitable background investigation to ensure the absence of felony convictions and prohibitive misdemeanor convictions.
The law requires licensed private security police officers to be trained as required by the department (MCOLES). Currently, private security police officers are required to be trained in the following areas:
Legal - criminal law and procedure; civil law and diversity
Special Curriculum - including either firearms familiarization or firearms proficiency if carrying firearms and defensive tactics
Critical Incident Curriculum - CPR/first aid; non-violent intervention, and emergency preparedness Patrol Operation
Annual, Mandatory Maintenance Curriculum - first aid; emergency preparedness; legal update; defensive tactics and firearms range qualifications or strategic video training for those who carry firearms
Currently, there are 14 licensed private security police agencies in Michigan:
Ascension St. John Hospital & Medical Center
Detroit Medical Center
Detroit Public Schools
General Motors Company
Henry Ford Health System
Lansing Public Schools
Renaissance Center Management Corp.
University of Detroit Mercy
University of Michigan
Wayne County Community College District
If you have questions regarding the Licensed Private Security Police Officers Act, please contact our office at 517-636-7864, or by email at MSP-MCOLES@michigan.gov.