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Traumatic Brain Injury

Veterans Crisis Line information photo

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is considered a silent injury of modern warfare, though TBIs can also result from training accidents, falls, sports, and motor vehicle accidents. Among service members diagnosed with a TBI, the majority of cases are mild TBIs (mTBIs), also known as concussions. 

Diagnosing and treating mTBI can be especially challenging because of variations in symptoms and other factors. The research revealed inconsistencies in the diagnostic coding, as well as areas for improvement in coordinating care across providers and care settings. The results and recommendations provide a foundation to guide future clinical studies to improve the quality of care and subsequent outcomes for service members diagnosed with mTBI.


For more information:

Read RAND RR-844-OSD


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) (

VA Polytrauma/TBI National Coordinator: (804) 675-5597

Polytrauma Assistance: (888) 827-4824 or visit the Polytrauma website