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AG Nessel Highlights Americans with Disabilities Act Anniversary by Calling for Access to Public Transportation
July 26, 2021
LANSING - To mark the 31st anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel joined a coalition of 18 state attorneys general urging Congress to pass legislation that will allow people with disabilities to have equal access to public transportation. The All Stations Accessibility Program Act of 2021 (ASAP) will support state and local government efforts to provide accessible public transportation to people with disabilities.
The ASAP Act was introduced in the Senate by Sen. Tammy Duckworth, D-IL; Senate Committee on Banking Housing and Urban Affairs Chair Sherrod Brown, D-OH; and Special Committee on Aging Chair Bob Casey, D-PA. Companion legislation was introduced in the House of Representatives by Illinois Reps. Jesus "Chuy" Garcia and Marie Newman. The legislation would establish a federal grant program to support local transit and commuter rail authorities to upgrade existing stations to meet or exceed the ADA's accessibility standards. In a letter to Congressional leadership, the coalition argues that the legislation is essential to addressing barriers to transportation, which also serve as barriers preventing people with disabilities from fully participating in society.
"Even as we celebrate the 31st anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act, we must recognize there is work yet to be done to ensure equal opportunities for people with disabilities," Nessel said. "Access to transportation is critical and ensures that all members of society can be active participants in their communities. As such, I join my colleagues in urging Congress to pass the ASAP Act."
The landmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law July 26, 1990 and was designed to guarantee people with disabilities equal opportunities to be active participants in society. Considered by many to be the most sweeping civil rights legislation since passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the ADA resulted from tireless advocacy by disabled activists who demanded civil rights for people with disabilities. In passing the ADA, Congress acknowledged the historic isolation and segregation of people with disabilities, as well as the discrimination they experience in critical areas such as employment, housing, public accommodations, education, transportation, recreation, voting and more.
In their letter to Congressional leadership, the attorneys general point out that, notwithstanding the progress enshrined in the ADA, more work is needed to ensure people with disabilities can actively participate in their communities. Despite the ADA becoming law more than 30 years ago, studies show that people with disabilities continue to face challenges in obtaining employment and housing. A 2020 report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics found that only 17.9% of people with disabilities were employed, compared to 61.8% of people without disabilities. In their letter to Congress, the coalition argues that access to transportation is critical to addressing disparities in housing and employment and allowing people with disabilities to participate equally in society.
The Federal Transit Administration has reported that nearly 20% of all public transit stations were not ADA accessible in 2019. The ADA's Standards for Accessible Design set minimum standards for what makes a facility accessible to people with disabilities. However, the ADA allows public entities to defer making architectural changes to facilities constructed prior to the ADA's enactment when changes would pose an undue financial burden. As a result, the coalition point outs, state and local governments' fiscal constraints have frequently prevented them from making all legacy transportation systems fully accessible.
The ASAP Act will establish a grant program dedicated to assisting state and local governments in upgrading legacy rail stations, or those that were in operation before the ADA's effective date. The program would appropriate $10 billion over 10 years, and each grant will fund 90% of a project's net cost. Recipients can use grant funding to develop plans for projects aimed at accommodating individuals with a wide range of disabilities, including physical, sensory, and developmental disabilities. Each project plan must also ensure equitable service to all riders regardless of income, age, race or ability.
Joining Attorney General Nessel in calling upon Congress to pass the ASAP Act are the attorneys general of California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia and Washington.