Is my public pension taxable if I moved from another state into Michigan?

Pursuant to legislative changes, for tax year 2012 and forward, the allowable pension deduction is limited based upon the birth year of the single filer or the eldest spouse when filing a joint return.

For recipients born before 1946: For tax year 2018, the subtraction of public pension from other states is limited to the greater of:

  • $51,570 for a single filer or
  • $103,140 for a joint return or
  • the amount allowed as a subtraction by the other state to its residents on public pension received from Michigan.

Michigan may allow a subtraction for residents receiving public pensions from the following states: Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Nevada, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington and Wyoming.

For recipients born during the period January 1, 1946 through January 1, 1952: Filers born during the period January 1, 1946 through January 1, 1952 who reached age 67 on or before December 31, 2018, or where the older spouse was born during the period January 1, 1946 through January 1, 1952 and reached age 67 on or before December 31, 2018 if filing a joint return, are eligible for a deduction against all income and will no longer subtract retirement and pension benefits. The deduction is $20,000 for a return filed as single or married, filing separately, or $40,000 for a married, filing jointly return.

For recipients born after January 1, 1952 through December 31, 1952: The first $20,000 for single or married filing separately or $40,000 for married filing jointly, of all private and public pension and annuity benefits may be subtracted from Michigan taxable income. Benefits in excess of these limits are taxable to Michigan.

For recipients born after 1952: All retirement benefits and pensions (private and public) are taxable to Michigan unless:

  • The older of you or your spouse (if married filing jointly) was born on or after January 1, 1953 but before January 2,1957, has reached age 62 and receive Social Security exempt retirement benefits due to employment with a governmental agency, or
  • You or your spouse received retirement benefits from SSA exempt employment, and were retired as of January 1, 2013.

If you meet one of the above requirements you may be eligible for a retirement and pension deduction. 

For more information see Form 4884, Michigan Pension Schedule.


For more information and assistance in calculating your subtraction view Pension Information.