What is a Principal Residence Exemption (PRE)?
A Principal Residence Exemption (PRE) exempts a residence from the tax levied by a local school district for school operating purposes up to 18 mills. Section 211.7cc and 211.7dd of the General Property Tax Act, Public Act 206 of 1893, as amended, addresses PRE claims. To qualify for a principal residence exemption on a dwelling, MCL 211.7cc requires that the property be: (1) owned by a qualified owner as defined by MCL 211.7dd(a); (2) occupied as a principal residence by that owner of the property; (3) none of the disqualifying factors listed in MCL 211.7cc(3) apply; and (4) claimed by the owner of the property by filing an affidavit with the local tax collecting unit in which the property is located. The PRE is a separate program from the Homestead Property Tax Credit, which is filed annually with your Michigan Individual Income Tax Return.
To claim a PRE, the property owner must submit a Principal Residence Exemption (PRE) Affidavit, Form 2368, to the assessor for the city or township in which the property is located. The deadline for a property owner to file Form 2368 for taxes levied after December 31, 2011, has changed from May 1 to June 1, and a second deadline of November 1 was added. The exemption information is then posted to the local property tax roll. Normally, when you purchase a home, Form 2368 and other relevant principal residence exemption forms are provided by the closing agents. There are many variables in determining eligibility for the exemption. The Principal Residence Exemption (PRE) Guidelines book provides answers to a number of frequently asked questions.
When a person no longer owns or occupies the property as a principal residence, he or she must file a Request to Rescind Homeowner's Principal Residence Exemption (PRE), Form 2602, with the assessor for the city or township in which the property is located to remove the PRE. The PRE will be removed from the local property tax roll by the assessor beginning with the next tax year. Failure to rescind a PRE may result in additional taxes, interest and penalties. Under certain circumstances a person may qualify for a conditional rescission which allows an owner to receive a PRE on his or her current Michigan property and on previously exempted property simultaneously for up to three years. To initially qualify for a conditional rescission, the owner must submit an owner's Conditional Rescission of Principal Residence Exemption (PRE), Form 4640 to the assessor for the city or township in which the property is located on or before June 1 or November 1 of the first year of the claim.