Home Heating Credit And Shared Housing Situations
Received Family Independence Program (FIP) Assistance From the State of Michigan?
If you receive Family Independence Program (FIP) assistance or other public assistance, you may be eligible to claim a home heating credit if you owned or rented a homestead in 2017. If you owned or rented only part of the year, you must prorate your credit. See instructions for a part-year owner or renter on page 5 of the MI-1040CR-7.
If you receive FIP assistance, State Disability Assistance (SDA), or you are enrolled with the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) for direct payment, by law Treasury must send your credit directly to your heat provider.
If your heat is provided by DTE Energy, Consumers Energy, or SEMCO Gas, your home heating credit may be sent directly to your heat provider. (See instructions for line 15, page 7 of MI-1040-CR-7)
If, at the time you file this claim, your heating costs are included in your rent, you must reduce the standard credit computation by 50%. Your credit will be issued as a check, rather than an energy draft (see lines 7 and 38 of MI-1040CR-7).
Shared Housing Situations
When two or more single people share a home, each may file a home heating credit claim (MI-1040CR-7) if each is contracted to pay rent or owns a share of the home. Each person may file a claim based on their total household resources, personal exemptions and their share of the standard allowance found in Table A.)
First, determine the standard allowance by combining the number of personal exemptions for all claimants sharing the home (see Table A). The number of total personal exemptions (also found in Table A) determines the standard allowance amount. Divide the standard allowance amount by the total number of eligible claimants in the home.
Examples of how to calculate the standard allowance:
Three men share an apartment. Each has a signed lease and pays 1/3 of the total rent. They are all under the age of 65. Each of them is eligible to file a home heating credit claim (MI-1040CR-7) if they meet the income requirements. The standard allowance for three exemptions is $777 on Table A. To compute each individual's standard allowance divide $777 by 3 (exemptions). The standard allowance for each of the three men is $259 (rounded/no cents included).
$777 divided by 3 = $259 (rounded, no cents included)
Each person enters the prorated standard allowance of $259 on line 35 of their home heating credit form.
Emma and Ruth own a home jointly. Emma is 59 and Ruth is a senior citizen 65 years old. Each of them is eligible to file a home heating credit claim (MI-1040CR-7) if they meet the income requirements. (see Table A) The standard allowance for two exemptions is $618 on Table A. To compute each individual's standard allowance we must consider their ages.
For Emma, aged 59, divide $618 by 2. Her standard allowance is $309.
Emma enters the prorated standard allowance of $309 on line 35 on her home heating credit form.
Since Ruth qualifies for a special exemption based on her age, she is allowed $159 in addition to her standard allowance of $309. $159 is the difference between the standard allowance for 3 exemptions and the standard allowance for 2 exemptions. Ruth's standard allowance is $468.Ruth's special exemption amount for her age: $777 - $618 = $159.
($777 is the standard allowance for 3 & $618 is the standard allowance for 2 on Table A)
Ruth: $309 + $159 = $468 this is her standard allowance
Ruth enters the prorated standard allowance of $468 on line 35 of her home heating credit form (MI-1040CR-7).
Part-Year Resident Owners/Renters
To be eligible to file a home heating credit (MI-1040CR7) you must be contracted to pay rent or own and occupy your Michigan home. You must meet the income requirements in Table A. You must prorate the standard allowance you qualify for, found in Table A based on the number of days you rented or occupied your Michigan home.
You're a single adult (under the age of 65) who moved to Michigan on September 1. You resided in Michigan for 122 days (September 1 - December 31). To prorate: Divide 122 by 365 days and multiply the result by your standard allowance of $458.
122 divided by 365 = .334
$458 (1 exemption) X .334 = $153 This is your standard allowance (rounded/no cents included)
Enter your prorated standard allowance of $153 on line 35 of your home heating credit (MI1040CR-7)
The estate of a taxpayer who died in 2016 (or 2017 before filing a claim) may be entitled to a credit for 2016. The surviving spouse, other authorized claimant, or personal representative can claim this credit. The surviving spouse may file a joint claim with the deceased and include the deceased person's income in total household resources. For more information view the frequently asked questions for Deceased Taxpayers and the instruction booklet under Deceased Claimants.
A single taxpayer (under the age of 65) passes away on July 15. There are 165 days between January 1 and July 15. To prorate: Divide 165 by 365 days and multiply the result by the descendants standard allowance.
165 divided by 365 days = .452
$458 (1 exemption) X .452 = $207 is your standard allowance (rounded/no cents included)
Note: Deceased taxpayer must meet the income requirements in Table A.
Enter your prorated standard allowance of $207 on line 35 of your home heating credit (MI-1040CR-7)