New Developments for Tax Year 2019

Annual mailing of instruction booklets

The MI-1040, MI-1040CR-2, MI-1040CR-5 and MI-1040CR-7 instruction booklets will be mailed to taxpayers who paper filed their 2018 return on Michigan Department of Treasury forms. Taxpayers who e-filed or had a tax preparer complete their forms will not be mailed a booklet.

Forms and instructions may be viewed and/or downloaded from our Web site beginning in January 2020. In addition, commonly used forms will continue to be available at Michigan Department of Treasury offices, most public libraries, Northern Michigan post offices, and Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) county offices.

Note: Bulk forms are distributed to libraries and post offices throughout the state before they are available in Michigan Department of Treasury offices. Therefore, forms may not be requested through the Michigan Department of Treasury Customer Contact Center until mid-February.

Reminder: All pages of all forms must be completed and filed to be considered a complete return.

Collections accepts credit and debit card payments for past due debts.

The Office of Collections accepts credit/debit card payments for online payments only. There is a processing fee of 1.5% for all transactions. You can use a valid Discover, MasterCard or Visa credit card or a valid MasterCard or Visa debit card to make payment. View more information.

IRS Refund Delays in 2020



Possible Refund Delay for Some Early Filers:

The PATH Act mandates that the IRS cannot issue a refund on tax returns claiming the Earned Income Tax Credit or Additional Child Tax Credit until February 15. The additional time helps the IRS stop fraudulent refunds from being issued and to identity thieves and fraudulent claims with fabricated wages and withholdings.

In addition, identity theft and refund fraud safeguards put in place by the IRS may result in delayed processing of tax returns. This delay will not impact Michigan Department of Treasury’s processing of individual income tax returns, unless safeguards have been put in place at the state level.

Tax form information and changes for 2019

  • Exemption allowances and the tax rate:
    • $4,400 for personal and dependent exemptions
    • $2,700 for special exemptions
    • $400 for qualified disabled veterans
    • $4,400 for stillbirth exemptions*
    • 4.25% tax rate 

*Stillbirth Exemption. A stillbirth exemption is available if you are a parent of a stillborn delivered during 2019 and have been issued a Certificate of Stillbirth from the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). Include a copy of the certificate with your MI-1040.  If you do not have a certificate, contact MDHHS at 517-335-8666 for an application or information on obtaining the certificate.

  • Schedule 1 Additions and Subtractions:
    • Line 21 - Miscellaneous Subtraction (previously line 22)
    • Line 23 - Michigan Standard Deduction. Taxpayers who were born during the period January 1, 1946 through December 31, 1952, that reached age 67 on or before December 31, 2019 may be eligible for a subtraction of $20,000 for single filers or $40,000 for joint filers against all income and will no longer deduct retirement and pension benefits. 

      Note: Filers who qualify for the Michigan Standard Deduction should not file Form 4884. 
    • Line 25 - Dividend/interest/capital gains deduction. Taxpayers born prior to 1945 may subtract dividend, interest and capital gains included in AGI. This subtraction is limited to $11,771 for taxpayers filing single or married filing separately or $23,542 for joint filers, less any deduction for retirement benefits. (See page 16 in the MI-1040 Instruction Booklet)
      Dividend/Interest/Capital Gains Deduction Estimator
    • Line 26 - New subtotal line
    • Line 27 - New location for Michigan NOL Deduction
    • Line 28 - New subtotal line
  • Pension Schedule (Form 4884):

    TIER 1
    • Taxpayers born before 1946 may subtract qualified private pensions up to $52,808 for single or married filing separately filers and $105,615 for joint filers.

          TIER 2

  • Taxpayers born January 1, 1946 through December 31, 1952 should not file form 4884. A single filer may subtract $20,000 against all income and joint filers may subtract $40,000 against all income as the Michigan Standard Deduction on Schedule 1, line 23.
  • Taxpayers born January 1, 1946 through December 31, 1952 who receive retirement benefits from employment with a governmental agency exempt from Social Security may deduct up to $35,000 against all income for a single filer and $55,000 for joint filers.  If both spouses on a joint return receive Social Security exempt retirement benefits, a standard deduction of $70,000 is allowed.

           TIER 3   

  • Taxpayers born on or after January 1, 1953 but before January 2, 1958 who have reached age 62 and receive retirement benefits from employment with a governmental agency exempt from Social Security may deduct up to $15,000 in qualifying retirement and pension benefits. If both spouses on a joint return receive Social Security exempt retirement benefits, the maximum deduction increases to $30,000.
  •  Taxpayers born after 1952 who receive retirement benefits from a governmental agency exempt from Social Security and who were  
     retired as of January 1, 2013 may deduct up to $35,000 in qualifying pension benefits if single or married filing separately or $55,000 if married filing jointly. If both spouses on a joint return qualify, the maximum deduction increases to $70,000.
  • All other taxpayers born after 1952, all retirement and pension benefits are taxable and are not entitled to a pension subtraction.

 For more information, see page 17 in the MI-1040 Instruction Booklet

 Pension Deduction Estimator

  • Farmland Preservation Tax Credit Claim (Form MI-1040CR-5)
  • “Part 2: Signed Distribution Statement for Joint Owners” has been moved to a new form.
    See “New Forms” section below.


  • The NOL deduction for a Farmland Preservation tax credit, formerly page 3 of the MI-1045,
    is now located on Form MI-1040CR-5, Part 4. 


  • Home Heating Credit (MI-1040CR-7):
  • Line 5 (New) - Citizen Status
  • Line 6 (New) - Heat Provider Code (see instructions)
  • Line 7 (New) - Heat Type Code (see instructions)
  • Line 17 - Enter All Household Members (see instructions)
  • Line 42 - Maximum heating costs $2,741
  • Line 47 - Home Heating Credit. Multiply line 46 by 80%

  Standard Allowances and Income Ceilings for 2019 (See Tables A and B below).           

             Note: The last day to file a 2019 Home Heating Credit is September 30, 2020. No filing extensions
             are allowed.

TABLE A: 2019 Home Heating Credit (MI-1040CR-7) Standard Allowance

    NOTE: If you lived in your homestead for less than 12 months, you must prorate your standard allowance
     (see instructions in the MI-1040CR-7 booklet).
























+ $170 for each
exemption over 6

+ $4,857 for each
exemption over 6


TABLE B: 2019 Home Heating Credit (MI-1040CR-7) Alternate Credit Computation

Exemptions and Maximum Income for the Alternate Credit Computation












New forms

  • Michigan Net Operating Loss Deduction (Form 5674) is used to compute the current year Michigan NOL deduction.  Form 5674 is required when claiming an NOL deduction on Schedule 1 and can be included with an e-filed MI-1040.
  • Michigan Farming Loss Carryback Refund Request (Form 5603) formerly page 2 of the MI-1045, is used to claim a refund from a farming loss carryback. 
  • Signed Distribution Statement for Joint Owners of Farmland Development Rights Agreements (Form 5678) formerly Part 2 on the MI-1040CR-5, must be completed for farmland jointly owned with someone other than the filer’s spouse. 


Additional Information

The Substitute Form 1099-G you receive in 2020 shows the amount of your 2018 refund and any prior year refunds issued to you in 2019.

Review all refunds issued to you and the tax returns filed during the year in question.

Add to the refund amount, any of the following which are included on the Substitute Form 1099-G:

  • Amount credited forward to 2019 estimated tax
  • Prior year refunds issued in 2019
  • Refund amounts intercepted by the Michigan Department of Treasury to apply to back tax assessments, State Agency Collections (e.g. probation or supervision fees issued by the Department of Corrections) or other third party garnishments
  • Any portion of a refund designated on your return to pay Use tax
  • Amount contributed on the Michigan Voluntary Contribution Schedule

Subtract refundable credits which are not included on the Substitute Form 1099-G:

  • Homestead Property Tax and Farmland Preservation Credits
  • Michigan Earned Income Tax Credit
  • Michigan Historic Preservation Tax Credit

This figure should match the amount on your Substitute Form 1099-G.

  • Direct Debit

        Taxpayers may elect to use direct debit when e-filing their 2017, 2018 or 2019 tax due returns.

        A direct debit is a tax payment that Michigan Department of Treasury electronically withdraws from the taxpayer’s bank account using
        the bank information provided on the electronically filed return. Submitting the electronic return with the direct debit information
        provided authorizes the Michigan Department of Treasury to withdraw the funds from their bank account. Direct debit is
        available for both the Michigan and City of Detroit returns.
        Note:  In the event the payment is returned as unpaid, the Michigan Department of Treasury may charge a return item fee, up to
        the maximum amount allowed by law. Penalty and interest will accrue on any tax due that has not been paid by the original due date
        of the return.

  • e-Payments

Individual Income Tax (IIT) filers have the option of making payments electronically using the Michigan Department of Treasury’s e-Payments system. Payments can be made by using electronic payment (eCheck), credit card or debit card.

  • Free E-file

E-file lets you submit your Michigan, City of Detroit and federal individual income tax returns using a computer instead of mailing paper returns. You can e-file your Michigan and/or City of Detroit return separately from your federal return (State Standalone e-file). If you choose to e-file your Michigan tax return, visit Treasury’s Web site at for a list of e-file resources, how to find an e-file provider and more information on free e-file services.

There are many free tax preparation services available. To find out if you qualify and/or to locate a free preparation site near you, visit the following sites:

  • Free tax preparation assistance offered by IRS Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) and the Tax Counseling for the elderly programs. Enter your zip code to locate a site near you.   
  • You may be eligible to prepare and e-file your federal return for free with Free File through the IRS Web site. 

Taxpayer Rights & Responsibilities 
Treasury Offset Program (TOP)

Michigan Department of Treasury has entered into an agreement with the Internal Revenue Service to intercept, or offset, federal tax refunds and federal payments for delinquent Michigan Department of Treasury income tax debts.

View more TOP information

Pension Estimator and Dividend/ Interest/Capital Gains Estimator

Certain amounts of pension distributions and dividend/interest/capital gains can be subtracted from Michigan taxable income. An estimator is available on Michigan Department of Treasury's Web site to assist taxpayers in determining what amounts can be subtracted and to assist in making income tax return preparation easier.


Property Tax Credits / Refunds

Michigan homestead property tax credit and State refunds from Michigan Department of Treasury received in 2019 may be taxable on your 2019 U.S. 1040. If you have questions about the taxability (for federal tax purposes) of your refunds, call the IRS at 800-829-1040.

Filing Extension Granted for Military Personnel Serving in a Combat Zone

United States military personnel serving in a combat zone on April 15, 2020, will be given 180 days after leaving the combat zone to file their federal and State tax returns and will be exempt from penalties and interest. When e-filing, service men and women serving in combat zones should enter the words "Combat Zone" in the preparer notes. When filing a paper return, print "Combat Zone" in ink on the top of page 1.

View More Information for Members of the Military

MI-1040ES Forms No Longer Mailed to Taxpayers Using Preparers

Michigan Department of Treasury does not mail preprinted Estimated Individual Income Tax Vouchers (MI-1040ES) to taxpayers who use tax preparers to complete and file their income tax returns.
Note: Failure to provide a complete Social Security number on Form MI-1040ES will result in processing delays.

Statute of Limitations for Prior Year Returns and Credits

A taxpayer must file to claim a refund with the Michigan Department of Treasury within four years from the due date of the original return. For example: You must file a 2015 Michigan Individual Income Tax Return (MI-1040/MI-1040X-12) and/or a Homestead Property Tax Credit (MI-1040CR/MI-1040CR-2) on or before April 15, 2020.