Evaluations and IEPs
Special education is provided to eligible children and students in Michigan ages birth through 25.
For children from birth to age 3, qualified personnel conducts an evaluation and eligibility is determined by and documented in an individualized family services plan (IFSP). Special education and early intervention services for children birth to age 3 are administered through the Early On® program or Michigan mandatory special education.
For children and students from ages 3 through 25, a multidisciplinary evaluation team (MET) conducts an initial evaluation to determine a student’s needs. The individualized education program (IEP) team, including the parent, then determines eligibility. For eligible students, the IEP team develops an IEP to meet the needs of the student.
Evaluations are required to determine student eligibility for special education programs and services.
An IEP includes a student’s present levels of academic achievement and functional performance, special education programs and services, accommodations, goals, and other information that supports the student in meeting annual goals and making progress in the general education curriculum.
School districts must inform parents/guardians about certain important decisions. Some actions by the district also require parental consent.
School districts must follow certain procedures if a student with an IEP is suspended or expelled for disciplinary reasons.