Section 31a At-Risk

Program Description:  Section 31a of the State School Aid Act provides funding to eligible Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) and Public School Academies (PSAs) for the intent and purposes focused on the following student outcomes:  attending school regularly, reading proficiently by the end of 3rd grade, being proficient in mathematics by the end of 8th grade, and being career and college ready by high school graduation [Section 31a(1)].  An "At-Risk Pupil" is a pupil, for whom the LEA has documentation, that meets any of the following criteria listed in Section 31a(21):

  • Economically disadvantaged
  • English learner
  • Chronically absent as defined and reported to the Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI)
  • Victim of child abuse or neglect
  • Pregnant teenager or teenage parent
  • Family history of school failure, incarceration, or substance abuse
  • Immigrant who has immigrated within the immediately preceding 3 years
  • Did not complete high school in four years and is still in school
  • Did not achieve proficiency on the English Language Arts (ELA), mathematics, science, or social studies State summative assessments
  • At risk of not meeting the LEA's core academic curricular objectives in ELA or mathematics based on local assessments

Funds allocated through Section 31a At-Risk are limited to instructional services and direct non-instructional services to pupils.  They are intended to be spent in the current State fiscal year and may not be used for administration or other related costs.  LEAs may carry over funds for one year.  Legislative and technical assistance documents are available below.

Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS):  The MDE Practice Profile for MTSS

Schools utilizing Section 31a funding are required to utilize a fidelity model of MTSS K-12 in the LEA.  The MDE has created the Practice Profile for MTSS as a model for implementing a responsive framework to address the academic and non-academic needs of students in the State of Michigan.  For more comprehensive information, please visit the MDE Practice Profile for MTSS webpage.

Resource Materials & Tools

  • Legislation  (link to Enrolled House Bill No. 5579)

Allocation Information

Section 31a Estimated Allocations can be found on MDE's State Aid Payment Information webpage.  Please refer to the following contacts for specific allocation-related questions:

  • Calculation - Office of State Aid and School Finance: 517-335-4059
  • Pupil Eligibility Count - Office of Educational Supports (OES), Financial Unit: 517-241-5388

School Breakfast - Updated Guidance

Per Section 31a(6), LEAs operating a school breakfast program are to use up to $10/student for the costs associated with the operation of this program.  This is not an optional expenditure of Section 31a funds.  Please refer to the Frequently Asked Questions for further guidance.

Program Contacts

  • Michelle Williams - Interim Manager
  • Dawn Carmody - Section 31a and Title I, Part D - Neglected and Delinquent Consultant
  • Stephanie Holmes-Webster - Section 31a, Early Literacy, and MTSS Consultant
  • Alex Schwarz - Accountability Specialist