Section 31a At-Risk
Program Description: Section 31a of the State School Aid Act provides funding to eligible Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) and Public School Academies (PSAs) for the intent and purposes focused on the following student outcomes: attending school regularly, reading proficiently by the end of 3rd grade, being proficient in mathematics by the end of 8th grade, and being career and college ready by high school graduation [Section 31a(1)]. An "At-Risk Pupil" is a pupil, for whom the LEA has documentation, that meets any of the following criteria listed in Section 31a(21):
- Economically disadvantaged
- English learner
- Chronically absent as defined and reported to the Center for Educational Performance and Information (CEPI)
- Victim of child abuse or neglect
- Pregnant teenager or teenage parent
- Family history of school failure, incarceration, or substance abuse
- Immigrant who has immigrated within the immediately preceding 3 years
- Did not complete high school in four years and is still in school
- Did not achieve proficiency on the English Language Arts (ELA), mathematics, science, or social studies State summative assessments
- At risk of not meeting the LEA's core academic curricular objectives in ELA or mathematics based on local assessments
Funds allocated through Section 31a At-Risk are limited to instructional services and direct non-instructional services to pupils. They are intended to be spent in the current State fiscal year and may not be used for administration or other related costs. LEAs may carry over funds for one year. Legislative and technical assistance documents are available below.
Section 31a Redirection "Heads-Up" by LEA
The MDE team is providing a "Heads-Up" of potential Section 31a legislative redirection to LEAs based on the 2017-18 State Assessments.
- Section 31a At-Risk Accountability and Identification Memo
- Section 31a Redirection "Heads-Up" by LEA
Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS): The MDE Practice Profile for MTSS
Schools utilizing Section 31a funding are required to utilize a fidelity model of MTSS K-12 in the LEA. The MDE has created the Practice Profile for MTSS as a model for implementing a responsive framework to address the academic and non-academic needs of students in the State of Michigan. For more comprehensive information, please visit the MDE Practice Profile for MTSS webpage.
Resource Materials & Tools
- Legislation (link to Enrolled House Bill No. 5579)
- Calculation - Office of State Aid and School Finance: 517-335-4059
- Pupil Eligibility Count - Office of Educational Supports (OES), Financial Unit: 517-241-5388
School Breakfast - Updated Guidance
Per Section 31a(6), LEAs operating a school breakfast program are to use up to $10/student for the costs associated with the operation of this program. This is not an optional expenditure of Section 31a funds. Please refer to the Frequently Asked Questions for further guidance.
- Michelle Williams - Interim Manager
- Special Populations Unit, OES, WilliamsM48@michigan.gov
- Dawn Carmody - Section 31a and Title I, Part D - Neglected and Delinquent Consultant
- Special Populations Unit, OES, CarmodyD1@michigan.gov
- Stephanie Holmes-Webster - Section 31a, Early Literacy, and MTSS Consultant
- Special Populations Unit, OES, HolmesWebsterS@michigan.gov
- Alex Schwarz - Accountability Specialist
- Office of Assessment and Accountability, SchwarzA@michigan.gov