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The Labor Rights Movement: May 2023

Session One: Preface to the Labor Rights Movement; Locating Latinos/as in the American Landscape

  • Acuña, Rodolfo. Occupied America: A History of Chicanos. Boston: Longman/Pearson, 2011.
  • Arias, Arturo. “Central American- Americans: Invisibility, Power and Representation in the US Latino World,” Latino Studies, 1 (2003): 168-187.
  • Baba, Marietta L. and Malvina Hauk-Abonyi, Mexicans of Detroit. Wayne State University, Center for Urban Studies, 1979.
  • Badillo, David A. Latinos in Michigan. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 2003.
  • Balderrama, Francisco E. and Raymond Rodríguez. Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 2006.
  • Chinea, Jorge L. “Ethnic Prejudice and Anti-Immigration Policies in Times of Economic Stress: Mexican Repatriation from the United States, 1929-1939,” East Wind/West Wind (Winter 1996): 9-13 and 16.
  • “Michigan,” Encyclopedia Latina: History, Culture, Society, vol. 3, edited by Ilan Stavans, 150-152. Danbury, CT: Grolier/Scholastic Library Publishing, 2005.
  • “Latinos,” Encyclopedia of the Midwest, edited by Richard Sisson, Christian Zacher, and Andrew Cayton, 262-264. Bloomington and Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press, 2007.
  • “Puerto Rico,” Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History, vol. 5, edited by James Ciment, 706-707, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 2006.
  • “Puerto Rico,” Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World, vol. 6, edited by Peter N. Stearns, 280-283. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • “Puerto Rico” [co-authored with Jacquelyn Briggs Kent], Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, vol. 5, edited by editor-in-chief, Jay Kinsbruner and Erick D. Langer, senior editor, 408-415. Woodbridge, CT & Detroit, MI: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2008.
  • “Latinos in Southeast Michigan,” Struggles and Triumphs of Peoples of Color in Michigan: A Collection of Personal Essays, edited by Matt Hoerauf, 18-21. Detroit, MI: W.K. Kellogg Foundation/Michigan Roundtable for Diversity and Inclusion, 2012.
  • Daly Heyck, Denis Lynn. Barrios and Borderlands: Cultures of Latinos and Latinas in the United States. New York: Routledge, 1994.
  • Duany, Jorge. Puerto Rico: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • Eckstein, Susan Eva. Cuban Privilege: The Making of Immigrant Inequality in the United States. Cambridge University Press, 2022.
  • Eduardo, Yajaira. Too American to Be Dominican. Too Dominican to Be American. Amazon Digital Services, 2017.
  • Fernández-Jones, Delia. Making the MexiRican City: Migration, Placemaking, and Activism in Grand Rapids. Urbana, Chicago and Springfield, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2023.
  • “Becoming Latino: Mexican and Puerto Rican Community Formation in Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1926–1964,” Michigan Historical Review, 39.1 (Spring 2013): 71-100.
  • Gómez Quiñonez, Juan. “The First Steps: Chicano Labor Conflict and Organizing, 1900-1920,” Aztlán-Chicano Journal of the Social Sciences and the Arts, 3.1: 13-49.
  • González, Juan. Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America. Revised edition. New York: Penguin Books, 2022.
  • Guevara Urbina, Martin and Sofía Espinoza Álvarez. Latino Police Officers in the United States: An Examination of Emerging Trends and Issues. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 2015.
  • Hoffnung-Garskof, Jesse. “Michigan.” In Latino America: State by State Encyclopedia, Vol. I. Edited by Mark Overmyer-Velazquez. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2008.
  • Humphrey, Norman D. The Mexican Peon in Detroit. Ph.D. Dissertation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1943.
  • “The Migration and Settlement of Detroit Mexicans,” Economic Geography, 19.4 (1943): 358-361.
  • “Mexican Repatriation from Michigan Public Assistance in Historical Perspective.” Social Service Review, 15.3 (1941): 497-513.
  • Iber, Jorge, et al. Latinos in U.S. Sport: A History of Isolation, Cultural Identity, and Acceptance. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2011.
  • MacDonald, Victoria Maria. Latino Education in the United States: A Narrated History from 1513 to 2000. New York: Pelgrave Macmillan, 2004.
  • Martínez, Rubén, ed. Latinos in the Midwest. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 2011.
  • Meléndez, Edgardo. “The Beets of Wrath: Migration Policy and Migrant Discontent in Michigan, 1950.” In his book: Sponsored Migration: The State and Puerto Rican Postwar Migration to the United States. Ohio State University Press, 2017, 159-185.
  • Moore, Joan and Harry Pachón. Hispanics in the United States. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. Prentice Hall, 1985
  • Munemitsu, Janice. The Kindness of Color: The Story of Two Families and Mendez, Et Al. V. Westminster, the 1947 Desegregation of California Public Schools. California: NP, 2021.
  • Pérez Rosenbaum, Rene. “Migration and Integration of Latinos into Rural Midwestern Communities: The Case of Mexicans in Adrian, Michigan.” Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1997.
  • Ramírez Berg, Charles. Latinos Images in Film: Stereotypes, Subversion, Resistance. Austin: The University Press of Texas, 2002.
  • Rodríguez, Clara. Latin Looks: Images of Latinas and Latinos in the U.S. Media. New York and London: Routledge, 1997.
  • Rosales, Steven. “’This Street is Essentially Mexican’: An Oral History of the Mexican American Community of Saginaw, Michigan, 1920–1980,” Michigan Historical Review, 40.2 (Fall 2014): 32-62.
  • Sáenz, Rogelio and María C. Morales. Latinos in the U.S.: Diversity and Change. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2015.
  • Salas, Gumersindo and Isabel Salas. “The Mexican Community of Detroit.” In: Hartman, David W. (editor). Immigrants and Migrants: The Detroit Ethnic Experience. New University Thought Publishing Company, 1974.
  • Skendzel, Eduard Adam. Detroit’s Pioneer Mexicans: A Historical Study of the Mexican Colony in Detroit. Grand Rapids, MI: Littleshield Press, 1980.
  • Taningco, Maria Teresa V, et al. STEM Professions: Opportunities and Challenges for Latinos in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. A Review of Literature. ERIC Clearinghouse and contributor, Tomas Rivera Policy Institute, 2008.
  • Valdés, Dennis Nodín. “Betabeleros: The Formation of an Agricultural Proletariat in the Midwest, 1897–1930,” Labor History, 30.4 (1989): 536-562.
  • Barrios Norteños: St. Paul and Midwestern Mexican Communities in the Twentieth Centuries. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000.
  • “Divergent Roots, Common Destinies? Latino Work and Settlement in Michigan,” The Julian Samora Research Institute, Occasional Paper, No. 4, May 1992.
  • Valdés, Vanessa K. Diasporic Blackness: The Life and Times of Arturo Alfonso Schomburg. New York: State University of New York, 2017.
  • Valier Alvarado, Rudolph and Sonya Yvette Alvarado. Mexicans and Mexican Americans in Michigan. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 2003.
  • Vargas, Zaragosa. Proletarians of the North: A History of Mexican Industrial Workers in Detroit and the Midwest, 1917-1933. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.
  • “Life and Community in the ‘Wonderful City of the Magic Motor’: Mexican Immigrants in 1920s Detroit,” Michigan Historical Review, 15.1 (Spring 1989): 45-68.
  • Wood, Gregory, “‘The Paralysis of the Labor Movement’: Men, Masculinity, and Unions in 1920s Detroit,” Michigan Historical Review, 15.1 (Spring 2004): 59-91.


  • Latino Americans, 6-part series, PBS, premiered 2013.
  • Harvest of Empire: The Untold Story of Latinos in America, premiere 2012.

Online Resources

Session Two: Understanding Manifest Destiny; or How Annexionism Laid the Groundwork for Latin American Labor Migration in the US

Session Three: The Long Road of the Latino/a Labor Movement