Hazard Mitigation Assistance
Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) plays an important role in the implementation of hazard mitigation projects and planning. Hazard Mitigation is any action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to people and property from natural disasters. Hazard Mitigation planning is a process used by state, tribal, and local governments to identify risks and vulnerabilities associated with natural disasters and develop mitigation strategies to reduce or eliminate long term risks. Examples of Hazard Mitigation projects funded by FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance grant programs may include, but are not limited to floodplain acquisitions, elevations, implementation of storm water system improvements, and construction of safe rooms.
The HMA program is comprised of three grant programs:
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
- The purpose of HMGP is to help communities implement hazard mitigation measures following a Presidential Major Disaster Declaration. The key purpose of this grant program is to enact mitigation measures that reduce the risk of loss of life and property from future natural disasters. This program awards planning and project grants and provides funding to mitigation damage from all types of natural disaster. HMGP grants are funded by the federal government following a disaster declaration and can be available on a statewide basis.
Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)
- The PDM Program, authorized by Section 203 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, is designed to assist States, U.S. Territories, Federally recognized tribes, and local communities in implementing a sustained pre-disaster natural hazard mitigation program. The goal is to reduce overall risk to the population and structures from future hazard events, while also reducing reliance on federal funding in future disasters. This program awards planning and project grants and provides opportunities for raising public awareness about reducing future losses before disaster strikes. Mitigation planning is a key process used to break the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. PDM grants are funded annually by Congressional appropriations and are awarded on a nationally competitive basis.
Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA)
- The FMA program is authorized by Section 1366 of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, as amended with the goal of reducing or eliminating claims under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). FMA provides funding to states, territories, federally recognized tribes and local communities for projects and planning that reduces or eliminates long-term risk of flood damage to structures insured under the NFIP. Funding is appropriated by Congress annually and are awarded on a nationally competitive basis.
HMA Useful Links
- FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance
- Hazard Mitigation Program FAQs
- Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program
- Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant Program
- FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance
- FEMA Hazard Mitigation Assistance Guidance Addendum
Guidance and Resources