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Youth Employment Standards Act (YESA)
Public Act 90 of 1978, the Youth Employment Standards Act (YESA), as amended, defines a minor as someone who is less than 18 years of age, including but not limited to employees, volunteers, independent contractors and performing artists.
Minors under 18 years of age must obtain a work permit or a written agreement or contract entered into between the employer and the governing school district, public school academy, or nonpublic school before starting work. Work permits can be obtained from the state of Michigan school issuing officer (the chief administrator of a school district, intermediate school district, etc.) the minor attends or the school district where the minor will be employed. If the minor changes jobs, a new work permit is required for the new employer. A work permit may be revoked for poor academic performance. A work permit is required even if the minor is home/cyber/virtual/online schooled, does not attend school, or out-of-state resident.
Work permits are no longer available for bulk purchase from Michigan Center for Career & Technical Education; work permits are available for printing or download below. Note: the printing on colored paper has been repealed, work permits must be printed, front and back, to be valid.
When both federal and state laws apply the more stringent standard must be observed.
Act, Rules, Executive Orders/Directives
Filing a Claim
If the minor has not been paid for time worked or is owed money from the employer, you may file a claim at: www.michigan.gov/wageclaim.
If the minor, under 18 years old, was injured on the job, contact the Workers Compensation Agency at 888-396-5041, or file the Employer's Basic Report of Injury .
If the minor, under 18 years old, is not receiving a meal or rest period after working 5 continuous hours, is working in a hazardous occupation, working too many hours in a day or week, is working beyond the starting and ending times allowed under the Youth Employment Standards Act (YESA) or working without a valid work permit, a claim can be filed at MIYESACLAIM .
Please indicate the alleged violations when filing a complaint. A youth employment investigation will review records and circumstances to determine compliance for all minors in an establishment with every regulation required by 1978 Public Act 90, as amended, the Youth Employment Standards Act.
It is not necessary to file multiple complaints for additional dates or new allegations. If you have already filed a complaint and have additional information to provide, or are seeking status on the investigation, please contact the Wage and Hour Division at 517-284-7800 or toll free at 855-464-9243 (855-4MI-WAGE).
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
WHO NEEDS A WORK PERMIT (INCLUDING SUMMER)
HOW TO OBTAIN WORK PERMIT
The minor first must submit a CA-6 or CA-7 to a state of Michigan school district, intermediate school district, public school academy or nonpublic school official designated as an issuing officer and provide one of the following acceptable forms of evidence of age:
A certified copy of birth record or other proof of age showing the place and date of birth
- A certified copy of valid operator's license issued by this state showing date of birth
- The school record or the school census record
- The sworn statement of minor's parent/guardian and statement from physician
- If a minor comes from another state to work in Michigan, the minor should bring a certified birth certificate and an unofficial transcript from the out-of-state school attended which includes the school's complete name, address, city, state, zip code, county and telephone number.
Minors seeking employment who are homeschooled shall be issued a work permit by the state of Michigan issuing officer of the school district, intermediate school district, public school academy, or nonpublic school in which the minor's residence or prospective employer is located. The minor must present a signed, written statement from the parent or guardian, as the instructor of record, indicating how many hours per week the student is being homeschooled (Nonpublic and Home School information). The state of Michigan issuing officer will attach the parent/guardian statement to the work permit and keep a copy of the statement with their copy of the work permit filed at the school.
The minor and parent/guardian must complete Section I of the work permit in its entirety (all areas must be completed).
After completing Section I, the minor then takes the work permit to the employer. The employer must complete Section II of the work permit, in its entirety (all areas must be completed including listing all work the minor will be performing, equipment and/or tools minor will use, starting and ending hours to be worked, number of days per week to be worked and number of hours per days to be worked, etc).
The minor must submit the work permit, after the employer has completed Section II, to a state of Michigan school district, intermediate school district, public school academy or nonpublic school official designated issuing officer for review and to complete section III.
The issuing officer must copy the work permit and place the work permit in the minor's permanent school file and return the original work permit to the minor.
DOWNLOAD A WORK PERMIT
CA-6 Work Permit for minor under 16 years of age
CA-7 Work Permit for minor 16 to 17 years of age
Permit Distinctions: The amended act eliminates the use of yellow and pink colored permits for certain age groups. Act 90 now distinguishes work permits for youth under age 18 as follows:
- Minors 16 and 17 years old-the work permit must be formatted and printed in portrait orientation.
- Minors under 16 years old-the work permit must:
(i) clearly indicate the minor is under 16 years of age and
(ii) be formatted and printed in landscape orientation.
An employer can apply to modify the starting and ending time of a 16 or 17 year old minor by completing one of the available deviation applications.
The General Hours Deviation application is used by an employer to request a modification to the starting and/or ending times for all 16 or 17 year old minors working at their location. The minor's parent must give written consent for the minor to work the deviated hours. A minor cannot be required to work deviated hours by the employer.
The Individual Hours Deviation application is used by an employer to request a modification to the starting and/or ending times for a specific 16 or 17 year old minor working at their location. The minor's parent must give written consent for the minor to work the deviated hours. A minor cannot be required to work deviated hours by the employer.
The pdf versions available for download:
You can complete a Deviation application through our online portal at the following links:
- Online Application for General Hours Deviation (the Employer must maintain written parental consent with the application at the work location)
- Online Application for Individual Hours Deviation (the Employer must provide written parental consent with the application to the Wage and Hour Division)
HOW TO OBTAIN AN APPLICATION FOR PERFORMING ARTS AUTHORIZATION
An "Approved" Application for Performing Arts Authorization form is needed from this department for all minors between the ages of 15 days old to 17 years prior to any performance (modeling, live stage, dancing, singing, filming, taping, etc.). The company, the payroll company that is paying the minors and the extras, and the production company must submit a current and valid workers' compensation insurance certificate along with the Application for Performing Arts Authorization form for each minor at least 10 days prior to start date and time of rehearsal and performance to this office for processing.
The "Approved" Application for Performing Arts Authorization form is needed for each minor, written parent/guardian permission statement, and the "Posting Requirements" must be kept on-site at the minor's place of employment/performance. All records required by Public Act 90 of 1978, The Youth Employment Standards Act, as amended, must be maintained and made available for inspection by an authorized representative of the Department and the employment must be in compliance with all provisions of the Act.
Application for Performing Arts Authorization Form (downloadable pdf format)
Online Application for Performing Arts Authorization (the Employer must provide written parental consent with the application to the Wage and Hour Division)
- Bringing Work Safety and Health to Schools (CDC/NIOSH)
- Safe-Skilled-Ready (CDC/NIOSH)
- Safety Matters (CDC/NIOSH)
- Talking Safety (CDC/NIOSH)
- Safety Matters Center (AIHA)
- Watch the YESA webinar and review the YESA presentation.
When both federal and state laws apply the more stringent standard must be observed.