Youth Employment Standards Act (YESA)

Public Act 90 of 1978, the Youth Employment Standards Act (YESA), as amended, defines a minor who is less than 18 years of age, including but not limited to employees, volunteers, independent contractors and performing artists.

Minors under 18 years of age must obtain a work permit or a written agreement or contract entered into between the employer and the governing school district, public school academy, or nonpublic school before starting work.  Work permits can be obtained from the state of Michigan school issuing officer (the chief administrator of a school district, intermediate school district, etc.) the minor attends or the school district where the minor will be employed. If the minor changes jobs, a new work permit is required for the new employer.  A work permit may be revoked for poor academic performance. A work permit is required even if the minor is home/cyber/virtual/online schooled, does not attend school, or out-of-state resident.

Work permits are no longer available for bulk purchase from Michigan Center for Career & Technical Education; work permits are available for printing or download below.  Note: Executive Order 2020-116  has temporarily suspended the requirement that CA-6 work permits must be printed, front and back, on pink paper and CA-7 work permits must be printed, front and back, on yellow paper to be valid. 

Contact: 
Email: WHinfo@michigan.gov
Phone: 517-284-7800
Fax: 517-763-0110

When both federal and state laws apply the more stringent standard must be observed.

Act, Rules, Executive Orders/Directives

Youth Employment Standards Rules

Legislative link to the Youth Employment Standards Act 90

Executive Order (EO) 2020-79 rescinded, EO 2020-116 suspends certain YESA work permit requirements, link to EO 2020-116:

https://www.michigan.gov/whitmer/0,9309,7-387-90499_90705-531140--,00.html

Filing a Claim

If the minor has not been paid for time worked or is owed money from the employer, you may file a claim at:

www.michigan.gov/wageclaim .

 

If the minor, under 18 years old, was injured on the job, contact the Workers Compensation Agency at 888-396-5041, or file the Employer’s Basic Report of Injury .

 

If the minor, under 18 years old, is not receiving a meal or rest period after working 5 continuous hours, is working in a hazardous occupation, is working beyond the starting and ending times allowed under the Youth Employment Standards Act (YESA) or working without a valid work permit, a claim can be filed at YESA Claim .

 

Posting Requirement

Youth Employment Posters

 

Work Permits

WHO NEEDS A WORK PERMIT (INCLUDING SUMMER)
Minors under the age of 18 are required to have a work permit prior to starting work.
Minors under the age of 18 cannot be employed or permitted to work, with or without pay, or volunteer until the person, company, business, firm or corporation proposing to employ the minor obtains and keeps on file at the minor's place of employment (work location) a current and valid age and color appropriate work permit, which has been issued by a state of Michigan issuing officer of the school district, intermediate school district, public school academy or nonpublic school prior to starting work.
 

HOW TO OBTAIN WORK PERMIT

Executive Order 2020-79 lifts certain requirements of the application process for young Michiganders to obtain a work permit. 

The minor first must submit to a state of Michigan school district, intermediate school district, public school academy or nonpublic school official designated as an issuing officer and provide one of the following acceptable forms of evidence of age:

A certified copy of birth record or other proof of age showing the place and date of birth

  • A certified copy of valid operator's license issued by this state showing date of birth
  • The school record or the school census record
  • The sworn statement of minor's parent/guardian and statement from physician
  • If a minor comes from another state to work in Michigan, the minor should bring a certified birth certificate and an unofficial transcript from the out-of-state school attended which includes the school's complete name, address, city, state, zip code, county and telephone number.

Minors seeking employment who are homeschooled shall be issued a work permit by the state of Michigan issuing officer of the school district, intermediate school district, public school academy, or nonpublic school in which the minor's residence or prospective employer is located.  The minor must present a signed, written statement from the parent or guardian, as the instructor of record, indicating how many hours per week the student is being homeschooled (Nonpublic and Home School information).  The state of Michigan issuing officer will attach the parent/guardian statement to the work permit and keep a copy of the statement with their copy of the work permit filed at the school.


  •  

The minor and parent/guardian must complete Section I of the work permit in its entirety (all areas must be completed).

The minor then takes the work permit to the employer, after completing Section I, and the employer must complete Section II of the work permit, in its entirety (all areas must be completed including listing all work the minor will be performing, equipment and/or tools minor will use, starting and ending hours to be worked, number of days per week to be worked and number of hours per days to be worked, etc).

The minor must submit the work permit, after the employer has completed Section II, to a state of Michigan school district, intermediate school district, public school academy or nonpublic school official designated issuing officer for review and to complete section III.

The issuing officer must copy the work permit and place the work permit in the minor's permanent school file and return the original work permit to the minor.

The minor must give the original work permit (after the designated official issuing officer has reviewed and approved by signing and dating) to the person, company, business, firm or corporation prior to start of work which is kept on file at the minor's place of employment.

 

The linked text below can be used to download a Work Permit:

CA-6 Work Permit for minor under 16 years of age

CA-7 Work Permit for minor 16 to 17 years of age 

 

Hours Deviation

An employer can apply to modify the starting and ending time of a 16 or 17 year old minor by completing one of the available deviation applications.

The General Hours Deviation application is used by an employer to request a modification to the starting and/or ending times for all 16 or 17 year old minors working at their location.  The minor's parent must give written consent for the minor to work the deviated hours.  A minor cannot be required to work deviated hours by the employer.

The Individual Hours Deviation application is used by an employer to request a modification to the starting and/or ending times for a specific 16 or 17 year old minor working at their location.  The minor's parent must give written consent for the minor to work the deviated hours.  A minor cannot be required to work deviated hours by the employer.

The pdf versions available for download  General Hours Deviation  Individual Hours Deviation

You can complete a Deviation application through our online portal at the following links:

Online Application for General Hours Deviation (the Employer must maintain written parental  consent with the application)

Online Application for Individual Hours Deviation (the Employer must provide written parental  consent with the application)

 

Resources
Bringing Work Safety and Health to Schools (CDC/NIOSH)
Safe-Skilled-Ready (CDC/NIOSH)
Safety Matters (CDC/NIOSH)
Talking Safety (CDC/NIOSH)
Safety Matters Center (AIHA)

 


HOW TO OBTAIN AN APPLICATION FOR PERFORMING ARTS AUTHORIZATION

An "Approved" Application for Performing Arts Authorization form is needed from this department for all minors between the ages of 15 days old to 17 years prior to any performance (modeling, live stage, dancing, singing, filming, taping, etc.).  The company, the payroll company that is paying the minors and the extras, and the production company must submit a current and valid workers' compensation insurance certificate along with the Application for Performing Arts Authorization form for each minor at least 10 days prior to start date and time of rehearsal and performance to this office for processing.  

The "Approved" Application for Performing Arts Authorization form is needed for each minor, written parent/guardian permission statement, and the "Posting Requirements" must kept be on-site at the minor's place of employment/performance.  All records required by Public Act 90 of 1978, The Youth Employment Standards Act, as amended, must be maintained and made available for inspection by an authorized representative of the Department and the employment must be in compliance with all provisions of the Act.


Application for Performing Arts Authorization Form
Online Application for Performing Arts Authorization (the Employer must provide written parental  consent with the application)
Michigan Penal Code (Excerpt) Act 328 of 1931 
 

When both federal and state laws apply the more stringent standard must be observed.