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Pfizer, Inc. formerly Pharmacia & Upjohn, LLC
Pfizer, Inc., formerly Pharmacia & Upjohn Company, LLC (Pfizer), is a hazardous waste storage facility located at 7171 Portage Road in Kalamazoo, Michigan. The Michigan Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy (EGLE), Materials Management Division (MMD) initially licensed Pharmacia for the management of hazardous waste at this location in 2001. In 2003, Pfizer purchased the facility from Pharmacia. Since 2003, the facility has remained under the operation and ownership of Pfizer.
Pfizer manufactures a variety of pharmaceutical products at these 1,300-acre facility. As a result of the production activities, hazardous waste is generated, stored on-site, and shipped to be treated off-site. In addition to the on-site generated waste, Pfizer accepts and manages wastes generated at other Pfizer locations. The hazardous waste managed at this facility consists primarily of spent solvents, expired or off-specification raw material, returned goods, process filter cakes, and laboratory chemicals. All hazardous waste stored at the facility is required to be conducted in Building 388.
Under the 2001 initial license, the following hazardous waste activities were authorized at the facility:
- Storage of hazardous waste in containers in three areas.
- Storage of hazardous waste in tanks in two areas.
- Incineration of hazardous waste.
Prior to issuance of the current license on December 14, 2012, the hazardous waste tank storage areas and the incinerator were removed, certified closed, and verified closed without any remaining contamination by EGLE staff. As a result, the current license which specifies the hazardous waste activities that can be performed at the facility, only authorizes hazardous waste storage in containers in Building 388.
Part 111, Hazardous Waste Management, of Michigan's Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, 1994 PA 451, as amended, and the administrative rules, and the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, RCRA, and the corresponding regulations, identify the standards that must be met when handling hazardous waste management, from generation to disposal. These regulations specify how the facility must operate to protect human health and the environment. They also identify the authorities EGLE has in licensing and overseeing hazardous waste operations.
EGLE Classroom - Hazardous Waste 101
License and Renewal Information
Hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs) are highly regulated, highly engineered facilities, with extensive design and oversight requirements. The hazardous waste regulations that prescribe the standards that must be met in any license action taken by EGLE include, in part: waste analysis, personnel training, compliance inspections, preparedness and prevention, contingency and closure planning, recordkeeping and reporting, engineering, management of waste, environmental monitoring, corrective action, financial assurance, and air emission standards.
EGLE, MMD issues operating licenses for the management of hazardous waste, that remain effective for 10 years as provided under the state and federal regulations. The license renewal process gives EGLE an opportunity to update facility information, review operations, and improve the license by clarify license requirements that enhances the protections included in the license. To reissue a license, EGLE's review must conclude:
- The license renewal application is sufficiently detailed to evaluate the facility and its potential for impact on human health and the environment.
- The facility satisfies all technical design, construction, and operating standards under governing regulations.
- The facility does not present a hazard to human health or the environment, as determined by EGLE inspections and compliance with applicable environmental regulations.
- The license includes all necessary conditions to ensure safe and proper waste storage.
Pfizer submitted a hazardous waste operating license renewal application on June 16, 2022, before the December 14, 2022, expiration date, of the current license. Timely submittal of the renewal application allows Pfizer to continue operating under the current license until EGLE takes final action on the renewal application. EGLE, MMD, is currently in the process of determining if the application is administratively complete.
Pfizer’s renewal application is available electronically here, and in hard copy at the following two locations:
- EGLE, MMD, 525 West Allegan Street, Lansing, MI 48909 (contact Vickie Terry; 517-284-6546, TerryV@Michigan.gov).
- EGLE, MMD, Kalamazoo District Office, 7953 Adobe Road, Kalamazoo, MI 48933 (contact Krista Hettich; 269-370-8527, HettichK@Michigan.gov)