Significant Disproportionality

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires states to determine whether significant disproportionality is occurring in a local educational agency (LEA). Significant disproportionality measures whether students are over-represented by race and/or ethnicity for each of the following categories:

  • Special education identification.
  • Discipline.
  • Educational placement.

The Michigan Department of Education Office of Special Education identifies LEAs each spring based on data from the previous two school years. 2019 is the first year Michigan will identify intermediate school districts (ISDs) with significant disproportionality instead of its member districts. Identification will be based on the aggregate data of the member districts within the ISD.

Member districts identified in previous years must continue to comply with their federal requirements for being identified with significant disproportionality.

Business Rules/Procedures for Calculating Significant Disproportionality

The following documents are the business rules and procedures for calculating whether significant disproportionality has occurred for each category.‚Äč

Procedures From 2018 and Earlier (Member District Level)

Comprehensive Coordinated Early Intervening Services (CCEIS)

Entities identified with a significant disproportionality must use 15 percent of their IDEA Part B funds to create a CCEIS program. The required program design components for CCEIS are:

  • Budget
  • Target population
  • Target population rationale
  • Scientifically-based program details (e.g., personnel, salary, non-technology supplies, technology supplies)

Each entity identified with significant disproportionality must report data to the OSE on their CCEIS program and special education referrals at the end of the implementation year and subsequent two years.

Districts Identified With Significant Disproportionality

Below are the lists of member districts identified with significant disproportionality in the past four years.