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International Registration Plan (IRP)

The International Registration Plan (IRP) is a program for licensing commercial vehicles in interstate operations among member jurisdictions. All of North America is included in the IRP, except for Alaska, Hawaii, Mexico and the Canadian provinces of Northwest Territories and Yukon.

Michigan IRP customers can access their IRP account online through Online Services to process original IRP account applications, renewals, add vehicles, increase weights, transfer plates, and request credential replacements.

Online Services allows IRP customers to print temporary authority (TA) permits for applications processed online once payment has been received. The temporary authority permits are valid for 30 days. After payment and required documents are received, the IRP office will mail your credentials (cab cards and plates, if needed) to your Michigan physical address.

ALL DOCUMENTS must be in your possession prior to processing online. Processing an application without proper documentation will result in online access being restricted.

Example: DO NOT add a newly purchased vehicle until ownership has been transferred and you have a title or validated title receipt.

  • The International Registration Plan (IRP) is a program for licensing commercial vehicles in interstate operations among member jurisdictions (states or provinces). The member jurisdictions of IRP are all states (except Alaska and Hawaii), the District of Columbia, and the Canadian provinces (except Yukon and Northwest Territory).

    Under this program, an interstate carrier files an apportioned registration application in the state or province where the carrier is based (the base jurisdiction). The fleet vehicles and the distance traveled in each jurisdiction are listed on the application. The base jurisdiction collects the full license registration fee and distributes a portion of it to the other jurisdictions based on the percentage of distance the carrier has traveled in each jurisdiction. Registration fees for new fleets with no prior distance to report are based on an Average Per Vehicle Distance chart available at the IRP office. The base jurisdiction also issues a license plate showing the word "apportioned" and a cab card showing the weights for which the carrier has paid fees in all IRP member jurisdictions.

    The apportioned plate and the cab card are the only registration credentials needed to operate in member jurisdictions. The registration credentials allow the carrier to operate both intrastate and interstate in all IRP jurisdictions.

  • The fees you pay for your base apportioned plate and cab card are only for the jurisdictions that you reported distance traveled in. All IRP member jurisdictions are automatically printed on your cab card to simplify the registration process and provide flexibility for registrants.

    Fees paid to the IRP do not include the following:

    • Motor fuel taxes or fuel permit fees
    • Permits to exceed the maximum length, width, height, or axle limitations
    • Any operating authority required by any state or province
    • Registration or license fees due in states or provinces that are not IRP members
    • Any special permits that are required by individual states

    Addresses and telephone numbers of IRP jurisdictions for permits or operating authority can be found at www.irponline.org.

    Go to IRPOnline.org

  • You must obtain apportioned registrations for your power unit(s) or bus(es) if you operate in Michigan and any other IRP member jurisdiction, AND the vehicle:

    • Is a power unit having two axles and a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight in excess of 26,000 pounds; or
    • Is a power unit having three or more axles, regardless of weight; or
    • Is used in combination, when the weight of such combination exceeds 26,000 pounds gross vehicle weight.

    Vehicles, or combinations thereof, having a gross vehicle weight of 26,000 pounds or less and two-axle vehicles may be proportionally registered at the option of the registrant..

  • These vehicles do not need an apportioned registration:

    1. Government-owned vehicles.
    2. City pick-up and delivery vehicles.
    3. Recreational vehicles.
    4. Vehicles displaying a restricted plate that is recognized under other reciprocity agreements. For example, Dealer, Manufacturer, Farm, and Log plates.

  • Following is an example of how the registration for a Michigan-based power unit might be apportioned:

    The operator of this unit drives in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin and drives 25,000 miles per year in each jurisdiction, for a total annual distance of 100,000 miles. The operator chose the gross vehicle weight of 80,000 pounds for each state. Under the International Registration Plan, the license fee would be computed as follows:

     State Mileage in State  Percent of Total  Full Year Fees of That State*  Apportioned Fee 
     Michigan  25,000  25%  x  $1,992.00  =  $498.00
     Indiana  25,000  25%  x  $1,692.00  =  $423.00
     Illinois  25,000  25%  x  $3,191.00  =  $797.75
     Wisconsin  25,000  25%  x  $2,578.00  =  $644.50
                 
     Total    100%        $2,363.25

     

    *Fees vary from state to state based on that particular state's laws and statutes governing the commercial vehicle rates.

Heavy vehicle use tax

The IRS Heavy Vehicle Use Tax period runs from July 1 to June 30 each year. Although the new tax period begins July 1, owners required to pay the Heavy Vehicle Use tax have until October 1 before the new tax period 2290 schedules must be presented.

Accordingly, during July, August, and September the 2290 schedule may be either the new one or one from last year's tax period:

  • October 1 - June 30:  Proof must be from the current tax year.
  • July 1 - September 30:  Proof can be from last tax year or the current year just started. 

 

  • If you just purchased a new or used vehicle, contact the IRS for information on any Heavy Vehicle Use Tax that may be due.

    To register your vehicle with Michigan IRP, proof of payment or exemption from Heavy Vehicle Use Tax must be submitted. This proof may be:

    • A copy of your validated IRS Form 2290 schedule printed from the IRS website. The IRS website copies have an electronic watermark. Or
    • A photocopy of the front page of the 2290 form, a photocopy of Schedule 1 of Form 2290, and a photocopy of both sides of a check validated by the IRS or an IRS cash receipt (Form 809) identifying that heavy vehicle use taxes (shown as “2290” on the receipt) were paid, or an Electronic Federal Tax Payment System (EFTPS) payment confirmation receipt showing payment was submitted electronically using the EFTPS website.

    If you register your vehicle within 60 days of purchase, you are not required to show proof of payment.

  • The IRS Heavy Vehicle Use Tax period runs from July 1 to June 30 each year. Although the new tax period begins July 1, owners required to pay the Heavy Vehicle Use tax have until October 1 before the new tax period 2290 schedules must be presented.

    Accordingly, during July, August, and September the 2290 schedule may be either the new one or one from last year's tax period:

    • October 1 - June 30:  Proof must be from the current tax year.
    •  July 1 - September 30:  Proof can be from last tax year or the current year just started. 

Frequently Asked Questions

  • To establish an IRP account you must provide:

    1. A valid Michigan driver's license or identification card. If the account is being opened through Online Services a copy must be submitted with the other documents on this list.
    2. Proof of Residency - Present three (3) documents establishing Michigan residency (examples include but are not limited to rental agreement, utility bills, property taxes, income tax, bank statement, checks). Accounts being opened in a business name must provide documents in the business name with the business address.
    3. Articles of Incorporation or Organization, or DBA papers if the account is being opened in a business name.
    4. Record Keeping Agreement (completed with the Online Services IRP account application)
    5. Proof of Michigan no-fault insurance.
    6. Proof that Heavy Vehicle Use Tax has been paid on all vehicles owned more than 60 days and operating at over 55,000 lbs. gross vehicle weight. Contact the IRP Office for information regarding what documents are accepted for proof of payment.
    7. Proof of ownership:
      • The Michigan vehicle title, or
      • A copy of the Michigan title showing the IRP applicant as the owner on the front of the title, or
      • A title application processed by a Michigan Secretary of State Branch office or other out of state equivalent. If the title has been assigned to you by the owner shown on the face of the title, you must first apply for a title in your name.
      • The out-of-state title. A copy of both the front and back of the title must be provided.
      • An electronic lien and title record issued by a jurisdiction's electronic lien and title vendor.
      • A certified registration record including title information if the vehicle has been issued a Michigan electronic title.
      • A copy of the Michigan registration if the vehicle was previously registered with a Michigan-only GVW plate.
      • Note: If the vehicle is titled in Canada, you may be required to provide both the NHTSA HS-7 Declaration form and the U.S. Customs' CBP 7501 form.

      1. Lease Agreement - If the applicant and the titled vehicle owner are not one in the same, or if the insurance is in a name other than that of the titled vehicle owner.
      2. Social Security Number (SSN) or Federal Employment Identification Number (FEIN) of the registrant.
      3. USDOT number of the registrant.
      4. USDOT and SSN/FEIN of the Motor Carrier Responsible for the safety (these may be the same as the USDOT and SSN/FEIN of the registrant).
      5. Motor Carrier Responsible for Safety (MCRS) lease - if the IRP applicant leases their vehicle to an interstate motor carrier who is responsible for the safe operation of the vehicle.

      Michigan IRP reserves the right to ask for additional documentation.

       

  • You must have an established Michigan IRP account to create a third party MILogin account in order to use Online Services.

    If you don’t have an established Michigan IRP account, you may submit an original application through Online Services by selecting IRP Services and then selecting "Apply". 

    Once your MILogin account is created, you will receive an email or text message with a security token to link your MiLogin user account to your IRP account.

    Each person who processes transactions for an IRP account must have their own MiLogin account. Your login information shouldn’t be shared with others.

     

  •  Online Services accepts payments via electronic check (e-check) and by American Express, Discover, Master Card and Visa debit or credit card. Payments can also be sent by mail, with a check or money order made payable to the State of Michigan. 

  • If you have any questions about creating a MiLogin user account or applying for an IRP account, contact the IRP Office by calling 517-335-6119 or emailing SOSIRP@Michigan.gov.

    The Michigan IRP office is staffed during the following hours, excluding state holidays:

     

    • Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday: 8:30 a.m. – 4:45 p.m. Eastern
    • Wednesday: 9:30 a.m. – 4:45 p.m. Eastern

    If you have any questions about the Heavy Vehicle Use Tax, contact your local Internal Revenue Service office.