Six-Inch-Wide Pavement Markings
As connected and autonomous vehicles (CAV) become more prevalent, road agencies, like the MDOT, understand the future need for changes to traffic control devices such as signs and pavement markings. Why do we need changes to traffic control devices? Connected and autonomous vehicles use technology, such as cameras and machine vision, to detect their location on the road, speed, and distance of nearby objects. Many new vehicles now come equipped with autonomous technologies such as automatic emergency braking, adaptive cruise control, lane departure warning and lane keeping assistance. These systems are designed to alert road users to potential conflict points or keep motorists in their lanes. Road departure crashes, including distracted and impaired driving, account for approximately half of all highway fatalities. CAV technology can significantly reduce these types of crashes – saving lives and reducing injuries.
For CAV technology to be successful, good and consistent pavement markings are needed. Wider lane markings and edge lines make it easier for cameras and sensors to read the road. Research has shown that six-inch wide pavement markings consistently improves machine vision detection under adverse visibility conditions; and can improve detection on high-speed roads where potential conflicting signals may confuse such systems from detecting pavement markings. Research has also shown that six-inch wide pavement markings are good for human drivers, too.
Currently, Michigan uses six-inch-wide edge lines on state trunklines (M, I and US-routes). In response to the need for wider lane markings and proposed changes to national standards, MDOT has moved forward with six-inch-wide lane markings on all freeways in summer 2020. MDOT contractors also placed white dotted line extensions on exit and entrance ramps to provide further lane guidance to road users. The additional $200,000 investment for six-inch lane markings and $450,000 for dotted line extensions were done as part of MDOT’s annual pavement marking restriping projects. Starting in 2021, MDOT will move its attention to non-freeways in changing both white and yellow lane lines to six inches wide. This effort will take three to four years.
These projects will improve safety and guidance on Michigan trunklines for both human and machine vision drivers.