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Public Transportation Program

Transit investments are a vital part of the state’s overall economic development strategy. More than 100 million trips are made annually on local public transit in Michigan, stimulating economic productivity and growth throughout the state.

Local Transit

The following table displays the economic benefit of the $6.84 billion investment, including the federal, state and local investments in local transit and intercity bus in this 5YTP. The program will support an annual average of 21,419 jobs, which includes both new jobs supported by greater economic competitiveness as well as jobs retained that otherwise would be lost without this transportation investment. In addition, $11.08 billion in gross state product and nearly $9.67 billion in personal income benefits are added during this five-year period.


Employment Supported by FY 2024–2028 Five-Year Public Transportation Program

 Chart showing the economic benefit of the planned $1.74 billion investment for passenger transit program in the FY 2023–2027 5YTP.

Employment Supported by FY 2024-2028 Five-Year Public Transportation Program 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 Total Annual Average
Investment (million $) $1,325 $1,339 $1,366 $1,393 $1,422 $6,844 $1,369
Employment Impact (jobs) 20,630
21,316 21,874 21,823 21,453 107,096* 21,419
Gross State Product (million $) $1,996 $2,127 $2,261 $2,331 $2,363 $11,078 $2,216
Personal Income (million $) $1,516 $1,760 $1,986 $2,145 $2,267 $9,674 $1,935


Michigan’s rail system has approximately 3,600 miles of track operated by 30 railroads and carries nearly 17 percent of the state’s freight tonnage. These commodities totaled more than $166 billion in 2022. As funding permits, MDOT works with the Michigan Economic Development Corp. (MEDC), as well as the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD), to provide support to the state’s businesses that need rail, most directly through the preservation of the freight-rail corridors owned by the state and by helping provide access to the system through the Freight Economic Development Program.


Access to convenient and efficient air travel is essential to maintaining a competitive advantage in a global economic environment. While commercial airline services are often the most recognizable facet of aviation, general aviation accounts for 97 percent of the nation’s airports. These airports support a variety of aviation activities, employing thousands of people and creating millions of dollars in economic impacts. Businesses through the state depend on airports for the movement of goods and personnel. Benefits associated with airports include direct and indirect jobs, wages, and expenditures, as well as the economic ripple effects in the community, enhancing economic activities far from the airport itself. In a state like Michigan, airports serve a vital role in supporting rural communities, particularly in the Upper Peninsula.