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Liver Cancer

  • Hepatitis C can be: 

    • Acute, meaning a new infection. 
    • Chronic, meaning long-term infection.
    • There is currently not a vaccine that can prevent hepatitis C.
    • All adults 18 years of age or older should be tested for hepatitis C.
    • Treatment is recommended for all people with acute or chronic hepatitis C.
    • Chronic hepatitis C can be a lifelong infection and cause serious health problems, including liver damage, cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, and even death. 


  • Incidence of Liver Cancer in Michigan, 2014-2018

    Liver Cancer Mortality in Michigan, 2015-2019

    Age-Adjusted Invasive Cancer Incidence Rates in Michigan Liver, 2014-2018

    Age-Adjusted Cancer Mortality Rates in Michigan Liver, 2015-2019

    • People who use injection drugs or did so in the past, even those who injected only once many years ago
    • People with HIV infection
    • People with certain medical conditions, including those who ever received maintenance hemodialysis and those with persistently abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (an enzyme found within liver cells).
    • People who have received transfusions or organ transplants, including those who
      • received clotting factor concentrates produced before 1987
      • received a transfusion of blood or blood components before July 1992
      • received an organ transplant before July 1992
      • were notified that they received blood from a donor who later tested positive for hepatitis C virus infection
    • Health care, emergency medical, and public safety personnel who have been exposed to the blood of someone who has hepatitis C (through needle sticks, sharps, or mucosal exposures)
    • Children born to mothers who have hepatitis C
    • Chronic hepatitis C can be a lifelong infection if left untreated. Chronic hepatitis C can cause serious health problems, including liver damage, cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, and even death.

  • Universal hepatitis C screening:

    • Hepatitis C screening at least once in a lifetime for all adults aged 18 years and older, except in settings where the prevalence of HCV infection (HCV RNA positivity) is less than 0.1%*
    • Hepatitis C screening for all pregnant women during each pregnancy, except in settings where the prevalence of HCV infection (HCV RNA positivity) is less than 0.1%*
    • Source:

    • Talk to your healthcare provider or local health department.