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Overview of Hep C and Liver Cancer
Hepatitis C can be:
- Acute, meaning a new infection.
- Chronic, meaning long-term infection.
- There is currently not a vaccine that can prevent hepatitis C.
- All adults 18 years of age or older should be tested for hepatitis C.
- Treatment is recommended for all people with acute or chronic hepatitis C.
- Chronic hepatitis C can be a lifelong infection and cause serious health problems, including liver damage, cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, and even death.
Michigan Liver Cancer Incidence and Mortality
What are Hepatitis C risk factors including how Hepatitis C relates to Liver Cancer?
- People who use injection drugs or did so in the past, even those who injected only once many years ago
- People with HIV infection
- People with certain medical conditions, including those who ever received maintenance hemodialysis and those with persistently abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (an enzyme found within liver cells).
- People who have received transfusions or organ transplants, including those who
- received clotting factor concentrates produced before 1987
- received a transfusion of blood or blood components before July 1992
- received an organ transplant before July 1992
- were notified that they received blood from a donor who later tested positive for hepatitis C virus infection
- Health care, emergency medical, and public safety personnel who have been exposed to the blood of someone who has hepatitis C (through needle sticks, sharps, or mucosal exposures)
- Children born to mothers who have hepatitis C
- Chronic hepatitis C can be a lifelong infection if left untreated. Chronic hepatitis C can cause serious health problems, including liver damage, cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, and even death.
What are the recommendations for Hepatitis Screening for adults?
Universal hepatitis C screening:
- Hepatitis C screening at least once in a lifetime for all adults aged 18 years and older, except in settings where the prevalence of HCV infection (HCV RNA positivity) is less than 0.1%*
- Hepatitis C screening for all pregnant women during each pregnancy, except in settings where the prevalence of HCV infection (HCV RNA positivity) is less than 0.1%*
How can I get tested for Hepatitis C?
- Talk to your healthcare provider or local health department.