Statistics About Tobacco in Michigan
Tobacco Use in Michigan – Proportions and Trends – Farid Shamo, MB ChB, MSc, MPH, public health consultant and program evaluator in the MDHHS Tobacco Section, and Sean Bennett, MPH, public health evaluator in the Section, discuss the latest data and statistics related to tobacco use in Michigan in this presentation.
Topics include: adult smoking and tobacco use; populations disproportionately impacted by tobacco use; prenatal smoking by different subgroups; smoking and tobacco use among youth; the rate of e-cigarette use; and MDHHS' participation in the Washington University (St. Louis) Plans, Actions, and Capacity to Sustain Tobacco Control (PACT) project.
Michigan Coordinated Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Indicators – Chronic diseases and injuries are the biggest contributors to rising health care costs in our state, killing more Michigan residents, causing more disability, and robbing more people of quality of life than any other group of diseases or health conditions.
Public health experts have identified a set of 40 indicators that together, present a succinct, accurate snapshot of the state’s progress toward the prevention and control of chronic diseases and injuries. Together, these indicators help form the basis for the State of Michigan's integrated system of tracking and reporting Michigan's progress in this arena.
The set includes four tobacco-related indicators:
- Michigan adults who do not smoke cigarettes
- Michigan adults who are exposed to secondhand smoke
- Michigan adult smokers who have attempted to quit within the past year
- New cases of lung cancer in Michigan
Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MiBRFSS) – The MiBRFSS is based upon annual, state-level telephone surveys of Michigan residents, aged 18 years and older. These surveys act as the only source of state-specific, population-based estimates of the prevalence of various behaviors, medical conditions, and preventive health care practices among Michigan adults.
MiBRFS results are used by public health agencies, academic institutions, non-profit organizations, and others to develop and evaluate programs that promote the health of Michigan residents.
Tobacco use is considered a primary BRFSS indicator. The MiBRFSS staff compile and publish a wealth of current and historical tobacco-related data in the Michigan BRFSS Annual Reports; Standard Tables; Race/Ethnicity Tables; and Regional and Local Health Department Tables.
Michigan BRFSS Surveillance Briefs and Other Reports include reports and presentations created using MiBRFSS data. The series includes the following reports related to tobacco:
- The Burden of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) among Michigan Adults (June 2014)
- Cigarette Smoking and Secondhand Smoke Exposure among Michigan Adults by Mental Health Status (December 2013)
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) among Michigan Adults (April 2013)
- Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure among Disparate Adult Populations within Michigan (February 2013)
- Chronic Health Outcomes Associated with Tobacco Use (February 2012)
- Secondhand Smoke Exposure by Race/Ethnicity & Health Problems by Secondhand Smoke Exposure Status (January 2011)
Michigan Youth Risk Behavior Survey – The Michigan Youth Risk Behavior Survey is part of a nationwide surveying effort led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The survey focuses on behaviors among youth that are related to the leading causes of illness and death and helps public health advocates assess how these risk behaviors change over time.
The survey measures behaviors that fall into six categories: unintentional injuries and violence; tobacco use; alcohol and other drug use; sexual behaviors that result in HIV infection, other sexually transmitted diseases, and/or unintended pregnancies; dietary behaviors; and physical activity. It also measures asthma and self-reported height and weight to allow calculation of body mass index for assessment of overweight and obesity.
Michigan Cancer Surveillance Program – The Michigan Cancer Surveillance Program collects and publishes population-based data concerning incidence and mortality for lung cancer; breast cancer; prostate cancer; colorectal cancer; and uterine cancer.
Data is offered for both the state as a whole and for individual Michigan counties and local health department districts, and comparisons with national statistics are available.
The Michigan Cancer Surveillance Program participates in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Program of Cancer Registries.