Yes, as of January 1, 1995. Parental consent adoption is when birth parents directly consent, in a court of law, to the adoption of their child by the prospective adoptive parent(s). These adoptions are referred to in the law as “direct placement” adoptions. They are facilitated by licensed private adoption agencies or by adoption attorneys. However, even when an adoption attorney is used to facilitate the adoption process, an approved adoptive family assessment (or “home study”) must be completed by a child-placing agency.