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HAI Overview

An HAI is an infection that a patient acquires during the course of receiving medical care in any healthcare setting. HAIs are sometimes referred to as hospital infections or hospital-acquired infections. Although HAIs can occur in any healthcare setting, the primary focus of the MDHHS SHARP Unit is on the acute care hospital setting.

HAIs are associated with a variety of causes, including (but not limited to): 

  • The use of medical devices, such as catheters and ventilators
  • Transmission between patients and healthcare workers
  • The result of antibiotic overuse
  • Complications following a surgical procedure

Common types of infections are:

  • Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs)
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonias (VAPs)
  • Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs)
  • Surgical site infections (SSIs)

Michigan Healthcare Associated Infections Progress Report

HAI Surveillance and Prevention Plans
2009 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Action Plan to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections 

Michigan's HAI Surveillance and Prevention Plan (November 2015 update)

SHARP Partners and Collaborators

Call for Volunteers! The Infection Control Assessment and Response (ICAR) program wants you!

The MDHHS Communicable Disease Division's SHARP unit secured funds to support development of robust infection prevention and control programs across the continuum of care. The goal is to expand infection control (IC) consultation in both number and depth/content, then to identify and mitigate gaps in practices.

SHARP unit staff offer on-site or remote technical assistance according to facility type

  • acute care
  • long-term acute care (LTAC)
  • long-term care (LTC)
  • critical access hospitals (CAH)
  • outpatient clinics.

The needs assessment consists of utilizing tools developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The team reviews three main infection control domains:

  1. IC Program and Infrastructure,
  2. IC Training, Competency and Implementation of Policies and Practices a
  3. Systems to Detect, Prevent and Respond to Healthcare-Associated Infections and Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs).

ICAR activities provide immediate feedback to IC programs about the current state of the program and how it relates to best practices. Results are discussed with infection prevention staff to determine strengths and areas of opportunity. Facilities receive a feedback report to share with leadership. ICAR reports can be used as a needs assessment and may be presented to facility leadership to help bolster sustainable Infection Control programs.