For Immediate Release: November 3, 2016
LANSING, Mich. – The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and Flint Community Resilience Group, Data & Gap Analysis Workgroup today announced the results of a community assessment that focused on behavioral health needs since the Flint water crisis.
Michigan requested the Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response, or CASPER, on behalf of the Flint Community Resilience Group, Data & Gap Analysis Workgroup, from the CDC to aid in recovery efforts. The CDC provided the technical expertise, study plan and data analysis of the CASPER, and the Flint Community Resilience Group, Data & Gap Analysis Workgroup, comprised of MDHHS, Genesee Health System, University of Michigan Flint, and community partners, implemented the face-to-face household surveys which were conducted in May.
The CASPER helped to establish a baseline in five major areas: self-reported household and individual behavioral health concerns for adults and children since the Flint Water Crisis; household access to behavioral health services; self-reported physical health concerns; water-related resource needs and barriers to resources; and effectiveness of communication with the community.
The majority of households in the assessment reported worsening of behavioral health concerns since the Flint Water Crisis:
Although the assessment mainly focused on behavioral health, surveyors also asked a few questions about physical health. About half of household representatives reported experiencing some physical health concerns. The most common self-reported physical health concern was skin rash or irritation; other symptoms included fatigue, nausea, forgetfulness, and muscle aches or pains.
Additional findings showed that at the time of the assessment, 75 percent of households in the assessment used bottled water from water distribution sites. The CASPER also looked at the most common and most trusted forms of communication about the crisis. Households most commonly received information from television (76.6 percent) and the most trusted source of information was news media.
“We are committed to continuing our efforts to help residents connect with the behavioral and physical health resources that are right for them,” said Nick Lyon, director with the MDHHS. “With the right support, information, and collaboration, we can continue to improve the short and long-term health outcomes in Flint.”
“What we’ve learned over the years in emergency response and recovery is that all crises are unique yet have common elements – including increased behavioral health needs,” said Dr. Nicole Lurie, assistant secretary for preparedness and response with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, who is leading the federal government’s response to the Flint Water Crisis. “Behavioral health needs in the Flint water crisis were apparent when I arrived in Flint in January, and federal agencies have been working with the state and community to meet these needs. I commend the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services for recognizing the potential for ongoing behavioral health impacts and undertaking this assessment to help guide ongoing recovery efforts in Flint.”
The results of the CASPER are helping public health authorities guide the ongoing recovery efforts in Flint. In addition to the initial emergency response efforts such as providing the National Disaster Distress 24/7 Hotline and crisis counseling, the following actions have been taken to address the behavioral health needs emerging since the water crisis and supported by the CASPER results:
Federal, state, and local partners will continue to provide behavioral health services to the Flint community and will utilize the findings of the Flint CASPER to support these efforts. View the full assessment. For more information about the resources available in Flint, visit www.michigan.gov/flintwater.
# # #